Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by Decade,
Regions and States of the U.S., 1970-2016
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by State
Average Annual Percent Change, 1970-2016
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by State
U.S.:
1970-2016 = 0.96%
2016 = -0.34%
1970-1979 = 0.88%
1980-1989 = 0.71%
1990-1999 = 1.71%
2000-2009 = 0.74%
2010-2016 = 0.70%
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth of United States' 51 States:
Average Growth Distributions by Decade over 1970-2016
1970-2016
1970-1979
1980-1989
1990-1999
2000-2009
2010-2016
2016
More than 1.3%
5
18
8
39
18
0
5
1.3% to 1.2%
5
0
1
4
1
0
2
1.2% to 1.1%
6
5
2
2
3
0
1
1.1% to 1.0%
9
0
2
1
3
0
0
1.0% to 0.9%
8
6
3
0
1
0
0
0.9% to 0.8%
6
6
1
0
4
0
2
0.8% to 0.7%
5
4
3
0
2
0
2
0.7% or Below
7
12
31
5
19
51
39
Total
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
 
   
   
 
United States Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by State:
Average Annual Percent Change, 1970-2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.67
1
1.66
13
1.12
11
2.64
2
1.85
4
0.81
20
0.86
9
 
1.65
2
1.98
6
-0.40
46
1.77
20
2.60
1
2.59
1
-0.88
35
 
1.32
3
0.40
46
2.28
1
2.11
10
1.27
19
0.25
37
-0.04
22
 
1.32
4
2.00
5
-0.26
41
1.90
16
1.74
6
1.20
9
-1.16
41
 
1.30
5
0.88
32
1.81
4
1.99
12
1.34
17
0.15
42
-0.02
21
 
1.30
6
1.58
14
0.78
18
2.20
9
0.80
30
1.03
14
1.28
6
 
1.28
7
1.34
16
1.48
7
1.78
19
1.34
18
0.12
44
0.40
15
 
1.26
8
1.11
23
1.34
8
1.83
17
1.47
12
0.25
38
-1.10
38
 
1.19
9
0.34
50
2.04
2
2.46
4
1.58
10
-1.18
51
-1.11
39
 
1.19
10
1.82
10
0.09
35
2.34
5
0.55
37
1.13
11
-2.88
48
 
1.17
11
0.75
37
0.56
22
1.48
34
1.45
13
1.80
2
-0.35
26
 
1.16
12
0.68
41
0.96
15
1.81
18
1.64
9
0.51
32
1.36
5
 
1.15
13
1.32
17
1.29
9
2.28
6
0.21
48
0.47
34
1.19
8
 
1.15
14
2.27
2
0.20
29
1.69
25
0.72
32
0.76
24
-0.24
25
 
1.12
15
1.49
15
1.04
12
1.43
35
0.63
34
0.95
16
0.21
17
 
1.11
16
0.56
44
2.03
3
1.98
13
0.27
47
0.53
30
-0.72
33
 
1.09
17
1.20
19
0.17
31
2.55
3
0.11
49
1.58
4
-1.32
43
 
1.09
18
1.76
11
-0.18
40
0.51
50
2.11
3
1.33
8
-5.28
51
 
1.08
19
2.70
1
-1.64
51
1.17
44
2.35
2
0.70
27
-3.51
49
 
1.08
20
1.13
22
-0.41
47
2.75
1
0.40
42
1.73
3
1.63
2
 
1.08
21
0.82
35
1.61
5
2.08
11
0.45
40
0.13
43
-0.63
32
 
1.07
22
1.31
18
0.19
30
1.59
30
1.40
15
0.80
21
-1.81
46
 
1.06
23
0.40
47
1.51
6
1.66
26
0.97
26
0.64
29
-0.20
24
 
1.04
24
2.07
3
0.30
27
1.60
29
0.89
27
0.03
47
-0.48
29
 
1.01
25
1.82
9
0.66
21
1.29
40
0.81
29
0.23
39
-0.56
31
 
1.01
26
0.35
49
0.88
17
1.74
23
1.12
21
0.91
17
0.66
13
 
1.00
27
0.58
43
0.77
19
1.75
22
0.63
35
1.39
7
0.24
16
 
0.97
28
2.04
4
-0.31
42
1.14
45
1.70
7
0.01
48
-3.69
50
 
0.95
29
1.16
20
0.40
25
1.52
33
0.87
28
0.76
25
-1.12
40
 
0.95
30
1.72
12
0.09
34
1.31
38
1.07
24
0.38
36
-0.43
28
 
0.94
31
0.88
33
1.15
10
1.02
46
1.00
25
0.51
31
1.21
7
 
0.92
32
0.96
27
-0.11
37
1.25
42
1.39
16
1.16
10
-0.93
36
 
0.91
33
1.00
24
0.71
20
2.27
7
0.36
46
-0.07
49
-1.59
44
 
0.89
34
0.98
25
0.52
23
1.76
21
0.37
45
0.78
22
0.01
19
 
0.88
35
0.36
48
1.03
13
1.33
37
1.10
23
0.48
33
0.71
12
 
0.87
36
1.14
21
-0.35
43
1.63
27
0.62
36
1.45
6
1.72
1
 
0.86
37
0.97
26
-0.35
44
1.96
14
0.39
44
1.50
5
1.42
4
 
0.84
38
0.75
38
0.25
28
1.70
24
0.70
33
0.83
19
-0.02
20
 
0.84
39
0.50
45
0.98
14
0.59
49
1.43
14
0.64
28
0.84
10
 
0.83
40
0.94
29
0.42
24
1.42
36
1.10
22
0.04
46
-1.09
37
 
0.79
41
0.83
34
-0.00
36
1.61
28
0.47
39
1.11
12
1.45
3
 
0.78
42
0.89
31
0.35
26
1.31
39
0.41
41
1.02
15
0.13
18
 
0.77
43
0.62
42
0.96
16
1.54
32
0.39
43
0.20
40
-0.06
23
 
0.77
44
0.79
36
-0.12
38
1.92
15
0.75
31
0.40
35
0.76
11
 
0.73
45
0.95
28
-0.40
45
1.27
41
1.56
11
0.09
45
-0.74
34
 
0.71
46
1.91
7
-0.44
48
0.61
48
1.13
20
0.17
41
-1.99
47
 
0.66
47
0.70
40
0.15
33
1.24
43
0.50
38
0.76
23
-0.52
30
 
0.66
48
0.72
39
-0.69
49
0.66
47
1.64
8
1.10
13
-1.26
42
 
0.65
49
1.83
8
-1.06
50
-0.08
51
1.85
5
0.74
26
-1.75
45
 
0.45
50
0.89
30
-0.18
39
1.56
31
-0.76
51
0.83
18
0.43
14
 
0.42
51
-0.03
51
0.15
32
2.25
8
-0.32
50
-0.10
50
-0.41
27
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.96
0.88
0.71
1.71
0.74
0.70
-0.34
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
May 2018
REAP_PI_SA1400_DECADES_1502A
 
   
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by
United States
Average Annual Percent Change, 1970-2016
Select an Alternate Regionalization:
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by
United States
U.S.:
1970-2016 = 0.96%
2017 = %
1970-1979 = 0.88%
1980-1989 = 0.71%
1990-1999 = 1.71%
2000-2009 = 0.74%
2010-2016 = 0.70%
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth
by United States
Average Growth Distributions by Decade over 1970-2016
1970-2016
1970-1979
1980-1989
1990-1999
2000-2009
2010-2016
2016
More than 1.1%
3
2
2
9
2
0
0
1.1% to 1.0%
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
1.0% to 0.9%
1
1
0
0
2
0
0
0.9% or Below
2
4
6
0
5
9
9
Total
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
 
   
   
 
United States Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by Region:
Average Annual Percent Change, 1970-2016
 
BEA Regions
 
 
1.21
0.41
1.98
2.04
1.31
-0.08
-0.22
 
1.08
0.79
1.39
1.87
0.65
0.53
-0.49
 
0.71
0.83
0.17
1.55
0.22
0.83
0.12
 
0.99
0.92
0.36
1.54
1.14
0.99
-0.70
 
1.08
1.43
0.84
1.69
0.86
0.34
-0.15
 
1.11
1.66
0.01
2.06
0.78
1.02
-2.51
 
0.96
1.21
-0.12
1.99
0.46
1.41
-0.60
 
0.96
0.50
0.61
1.80
0.91
1.02
0.75
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Census Divisions
 
0.86
1.02
-0.09
1.97
0.54
0.86
-0.23
 
0.99
0.51
0.62
1.80
0.98
1.06
0.80
 
0.71
0.83
0.17
1.55
0.22
0.83
0.12
 
0.99
0.92
0.36
1.54
1.14
0.99
-0.70
 
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.73
0.91
0.29
0.15
 
1.11
1.75
0.52
1.67
0.88
0.57
0.25
 
1.17
1.90
0.02
1.98
0.88
1.04
-3.01
 
1.21
0.41
1.98
2.04
1.31
-0.08
-0.22
 
1.06
0.77
1.49
1.86
0.48
0.53
-0.79
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Census Regions
 
0.92
0.58
0.46
1.76
0.82
1.03
0.54
 
0.78
0.82
0.22
1.54
0.48
0.88
-0.14
 
1.11
1.45
0.65
1.80
0.90
0.58
-0.93
 
1.09
0.66
1.59
1.90
0.71
0.36
-0.64
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.96
0.88
0.71
1.71
0.74
0.70
-0.34
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
May 2018
REAP_PI_SA1400_DECADES_1502B
 
   
A Note on Real* Average Earnings Per Job
The United States economy has generated an impressive number of jobs since the 1970s. The contrast between the nation's vigorous employment growth and the modest performance of other major industrial countries is striking. Despite this rosy track record, the real (inflation adjusted) wages and salaries of many workers have stagnated or slipped in recent years. This development has provoked concerns about the quality of new jobs. Structural shifts in the composition of employment--from high-wage goods-producing to low-wage services-related sectors--is the culprit most often cited for the deteriorating quality of jobs.
Definition: Average Annual Earnings Per Job are computed by dividing BEA total industry earnings estimates by the BEA total full- and part-time jobs estimates. No convenient or adequate means exist at the state or regional level for converting the job estimates to a full-time equivalent measure. So, interpret the average earnings per job estimates with caution in consideration of the following issues:
Average earnings per job within industries involving more part-time work is lower than industries involving more full-time work, although there could be little difference in the underlying wage of full-time workers. Such differences could also prevail between states and regions. An increase in the proportion of part-time jobs over time may erode average earnings per job estimates, although full-time earnings per worker may have remained unchanged.
As with per capita income, average earnings per job may be subject to extreme short-run variation, especially in smaller states. Major construction projects relating to building dams, nuclear power plants, and private plant construction projects have caused extreme fluctuations in many smaller states. Such changes typify both small and large agriculture-dependent states owing to the extreme annual variations in farm incomes. Also, Since average earnings per job are just a simple average, it does not account for variations in the distribution of earnings among high- vs. low-wage jobs.
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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