2000 vs. 2022 Total Employment Growth and Change
United States Employment Growth by State
2000 vs. 2022, Net Percent Change
United States Employment Growth by State
Utah 2000 vs. 2022
Net Percent Change = 71.53%
Rank = #1
West Virginia 2000 vs. 2022
Net Percent Change = 1.72%
Rank = #51
Virginia 2000 vs. 2022
Net Percent Change = 27.29%
Rank = #18
With a spotlight on Virginia, the chart above displays the distribution of the net percent change of employment across the nation's 51 states over the period 2000-2022.
Those states whose employment growth registered above the nationwide average over this period realized an increase in their nationwide share of employment. Likewise, those states whose employment growth registered below the nationwide average experienced a decline in their relative share of employment nationwide.
Nationwide Snippets:
  • Over 2000-2022 employment grew in all 51 U.S. states.
  • Employment growth in seventeen states outpaced the nationwide average (28.46%), while growth in thirty-four states trailed.
  • At the extremes of the distribution, Utah posted the highest growth of employment (71.53%), while West Virginia placed last by logging a 1.72% gain.
  • The spread in employment growth between the highest (Utah, 71.53%) and lowest (West Virginia, 1.72%) over 2000-2022 equated to 69.81% ( = 71.53%1.72%).
  • Employment growth nationwide is but a weighted metric that stems from each state's share of employment nationwide. On this point, as the largest state in the nation, California's net employment growth over 2000-2022 of 6,072,079 made up 12.90% of the total net growth nationwide (47,071,200):

California: Percent Share of U.S.
Employment Growth, 2000-2022:

12.90% = (6,072,079 / 47,071,200) x 100
Virginia Snippets:
  • Over 2000-2022, Virginia posted a 27.29% net gain in employment.
  • Virginia was joined by thirty-three other states whose employment growth over 2000-2022 registered below the nationwide average (28.46%).
  • Ranked #18 among the United States' 51 states, Virginia's employment growth (27.29%) trailed the nationwide average of 28.46% by a 1.18% margin.
  • Virginia's net employment growth (27.29%, #18) over 2000-2022 registered just above that of Oregon (27.06%, #19) and just below that of Delaware (29.35%, #17).
  • Virginia's share of employment nationwide slipped from 2.66% in 2000 to 2.64% in 2022, resulting in a share-shift of -0.02%.

Data Definition

The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wage and salary disbursements and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.

United States. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Income Division.
Regional Definitions. 2024. Web.
https://apps.bea.gov/regional/definitions/

Employment Growth by State
2000 vs. 2022, Net Percent Change
Employment Growth by State
View Distribution Totals as: Actual Percent
     
 
State Distribution of Employment Growth, 2000 vs. 2022
More
than
60%
60%
to
50%
50%
to
40%
40%
to
30%
30%
to
20%
20%
to
10%
10%
to
0%
0%
or
Below
Total
2000 vs. 2022
4
2
2
8
11
20
4
0
51
 
     
Employment by State, 2022
Employment by State, 2022
California 2022
Employment = 25,300,974
Percent of U.S. = 11.91%
Rank = #1
Vermont 2022
Employment = 436,306
Percent of U.S. = 0.21%
Rank = #51
Virginia 2022
Employment = 5,599,585
Percent of U.S. = 2.64%
Rank = #12
Again highlighting Virginia's position, the bar graph above displays the disposition by state of 2022 employment nationwide (212,442,000).

Interactive TableTip: Although the visual profile of the bar chart remains unchanged you may opt to display the actual total by using the "Select Indicator" options above the graph

Nationwide Snippets:
  • Ranked #1, California's 2022 employment totaled 25,300,974, equating to 11.91% of the nationwide total.
  • Ranked last (#51), Vermont's employment of 436,306 in 2022 comprised just 0.21% of the total nationwide. Vermont's employment in 2022 equates to just 1.7% to that of California's.
  • California's 2022 employment (25,300,974) exceeded the combined employment (24,799,916) of the nation's twenty-two smallest states.
Virginia Snippets:
  • Virginia's employment in 2022 ranked #12, amounting to 2.64% of the nationwide total.
  • Virginia's employment of 5,599,585 placed below that of Michigan's (5,864,009, #11), and just above that of Massachusetts' (5,002,244, #13).
  • Virginia's employment of 5,599,585 exceeds the combined total (5,509,882) of the nation's nine smallest states.
Employment by State, 2022
Employment by State, 2022
View Distribution Totals as: Actual Percent
     
 
State Distribution of Employment, 2022
More
than
12,500K
12,500K
to
10,000K
10,000K
to
7,500K
7,500K
to
5,000K
5,000K
to
2,500K
2,500K
or
Below
Total
2022
4
0
2
7
14
24
51
 
     

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States Employment by State:
2000 vs. 2022
 
2000
 
2022
 
2000 - 2022
 
 
 
 
2,392,225
1.45
 
2,869,931
1.35
 
19.97
477,706
1.01
-0.10
 
389,734
0.24
 
457,687
0.22
 
17.44
67,953
0.14
-0.02
 
2,801,510
1.69
 
4,287,595
2.02
 
53.05
1,486,085
3.16
0.32
 
1,482,449
0.90
 
1,755,536
0.83
 
18.42
273,087
0.58
-0.07
 
19,228,895
11.63
 
25,300,974
11.91
 
31.58
6,072,079
12.90
0.28
 
2,918,002
1.76
 
4,187,944
1.97
 
43.52
1,269,942
2.70
0.21
 
2,118,177
1.28
 
2,391,946
1.13
 
12.92
273,769
0.58
-0.15
 
503,458
0.30
 
651,224
0.31
 
29.35
147,766
0.31
0.00
 
735,304
0.44
 
904,759
0.43
 
23.05
169,455
0.36
-0.02
 
8,881,279
5.37
 
14,227,252
6.70
 
60.19
5,345,973
11.36
1.33
 
4,860,810
2.94
 
6,971,461
3.28
 
43.42
2,110,651
4.48
0.34
 
749,439
0.45
 
903,622
0.43
 
20.57
154,183
0.33
-0.03
 
776,910
0.47
 
1,190,624
0.56
 
53.25
413,714
0.88
0.09
 
7,357,491
4.45
 
8,094,358
3.81
 
10.02
736,867
1.57
-0.64
 
3,648,148
2.21
 
4,140,665
1.95
 
13.50
492,517
1.05
-0.26
 
1,915,254
1.16
 
2,113,995
1.00
 
10.38
198,741
0.42
-0.16
 
1,760,312
1.06
 
1,982,258
0.93
 
12.61
221,946
0.47
-0.13
 
2,306,481
1.39
 
2,658,979
1.25
 
15.28
352,498
0.75
-0.14
 
2,388,668
1.44
 
2,784,711
1.31
 
16.58
396,043
0.84
-0.13
 
784,039
0.47
 
877,326
0.41
 
11.90
93,287
0.20
-0.06
 
3,092,125
1.87
 
3,886,891
1.83
 
25.70
794,766
1.69
-0.04
 
4,070,320
2.46
 
5,002,244
2.35
 
22.90
931,924
1.98
-0.11
 
5,621,494
3.40
 
5,864,009
2.76
 
4.31
242,515
0.52
-0.64
 
3,330,936
2.01
 
3,844,786
1.81
 
15.43
513,850
1.09
-0.20
 
1,476,295
0.89
 
1,674,142
0.79
 
13.40
197,847
0.42
-0.10
 
3,470,846
2.10
 
3,934,395
1.85
 
13.36
463,549
0.98
-0.25
 
552,690
0.33
 
746,194
0.35
 
35.01
193,504
0.41
0.02
 
1,173,756
0.71
 
1,372,111
0.65
 
16.90
198,355
0.42
-0.06
 
1,254,358
0.76
 
2,061,871
0.97
 
64.38
807,513
1.72
0.21
 
783,545
0.47
 
933,022
0.44
 
19.08
149,477
0.32
-0.03
 
4,748,598
2.87
 
5,905,843
2.78
 
24.37
1,157,245
2.46
-0.09
 
964,919
0.58
 
1,139,488
0.54
 
18.09
174,569
0.37
-0.05
 
10,424,526
6.30
 
12,892,046
6.07
 
23.67
2,467,520
5.24
-0.24
 
4,891,957
2.96
 
6,602,041
3.11
 
34.96
1,710,084
3.63
0.15
 
440,643
0.27
 
587,819
0.28
 
33.40
147,176
0.31
0.01
 
6,789,300
4.11
 
7,305,177
3.44
 
7.60
515,877
1.10
-0.67
 
1,994,373
1.21
 
2,412,886
1.14
 
20.98
418,513
0.89
-0.07
 
2,092,153
1.27
 
2,658,285
1.25
 
27.06
566,132
1.20
-0.01
 
6,905,286
4.18
 
7,978,320
3.76
 
15.54
1,073,034
2.28
-0.42
 
582,589
0.35
 
668,802
0.31
 
14.80
86,213
0.18
-0.04
 
2,279,819
1.38
 
3,067,127
1.44
 
34.53
787,308
1.67
0.07
 
512,377
0.31
 
647,960
0.31
 
26.46
135,583
0.29
0.00
 
3,459,310
2.09
 
4,506,394
2.12
 
30.27
1,047,084
2.22
0.03
 
12,138,771
7.34
 
19,631,436
9.24
 
61.73
7,492,665
15.92
1.90
 
1,380,538
0.83
 
2,367,996
1.11
 
71.53
987,458
2.10
0.28
 
400,963
0.24
 
436,306
0.21
 
8.81
35,343
0.08
-0.04
 
4,399,151
2.66
 
5,599,585
2.64
 
27.29
1,200,434
2.55
-0.02
 
3,526,778
2.13
 
4,815,623
2.27
 
36.54
1,288,845
2.74
0.13
 
875,561
0.53
 
890,610
0.42
 
1.72
15,049
0.03
-0.11
 
3,413,585
2.06
 
3,819,180
1.80
 
11.88
405,595
0.86
-0.27
 
324,653
0.20
 
436,564
0.21
 
34.47
111,911
0.24
0.01
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
165,370,800
100.00
 
212,442,000
100.00
 
28.46
47,071,200
100.00
0.00
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
April 2024
REAP_PI_SA1400_YRVYR_1000A
 
   
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