Delaware vs. United States
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Average Earnings Per Job Growth and Change, 1969-2016
Introduction
Delaware:
2016 Avg. Earnings = $59,439
U.S.:
2016 Avg. Earnings = $58,372
The United States economy has generated an impressive number of jobs since the 1970s. The contrast between the nation's vigorous employment growth and the modest performance of other major industrial countries is striking. Despite this rosy track record, the real (inflation adjusted) wages and salaries of many workers have stagnated or slipped in recent years. This development has provoked concerns about the quality of new jobs. Structural shifts in the composition of employment--from high-wage goods-producing to low-wage services-related sectors--is the culprit most often cited for the deteriorating quality of jobs.
Regions vary greatly in the make-up of their labor force, in their industry composition of employment, and their economic experience. Reviewing and examining recent developments in average earnings per job in Delaware with comparison to the nation is an important first step in understanding the economic forces at play in Delaware.
Discussion: Average Annual Earnings Per Job are computed by dividing BEA total industry earnings estimates by the BEA total full- and part-time jobs estimates. No convenient or adequate means exist at the state or regional level for converting the job estimates to a full-time equivalent measure. So, interpret the average earnings per job estimates with caution in consideration of the following issues:
Average earnings per job within industries involving more part-time work is lower than industries involving more full-time work, although there could be little difference in the underlying wage of full-time workers. Such differences could also prevail between states and regions. An increase in the proportion of part-time jobs over time may erode average earnings per job estimates, although full-time earnings per worker may have remained unchanged.
As with per capita income, average earnings per job may be subject to extreme short-run variation, especially in smaller states. Major construction projects relating to building dams, nuclear power plants, and private plant construction projects have caused extreme fluctuations in many smaller states. Such changes typify both small and large agriculture-dependent states owing to the extreme annual variations in farm incomes. Also, Since average earnings per job are just a simple average, it does not account for variations in the distribution of earnings among high- vs. low-wage jobs.
Delaware Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2016
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Delaware Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2016
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Delaware's annual average earnings per job over 1969-2016 in current and constant (2009) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real purchasing power of Delaware over time.
When measured in current dollars, Delaware's average earnings per job increased 682.5%, from $7,596 in 1969 to $59,439 in 2016. When measured in constant 2009 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 50.5%, from $35,639 in 1969 to $53,650 in 2016.
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2016
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2016
Figure 2.
Figure 2 shows Delaware's real average earnings per job growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real average earnings per job in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the real average earnings per jobs in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real average earnings per job growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Delaware's overall real average earnings per job growth was 50.5% over 1969-2016 trailed the United States' increase of 56.0%.
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2016
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2016
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays the trends for average earnings per job relative to the national average by tracing Delaware average earnings per job as a percent of the national average over 1969-2016.
In 1969, Delaware's average earnings per job amounted to 105.6% of the national average; in 2016, it approximated 101.8%.
Delaware Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2016
Delaware Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2016
Figure 4.
Figure 4 shows the short-run pattern of Delaware's real average earnings per job growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2016. The average annual percent change for the entire 47-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Delaware's real average earnings per job grew at an annual rate of 0.91% over 1970-2016. The state posted its highest growth in 2001 (9.44%) and recorded its lowest growth in 2008 (-4.32%). In 2016, Delaware's real average earnings per job declined by -1.59%
Delaware Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2016
Delaware Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2016
Figure 5.
Over the past six decades some states have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again traces the annual percent change in Delaware's real average earnings per job since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2016.
During the 1970s, Delaware's annual real average earnings per job growth rate averaged 1.00%. It averaged 0.71% in the 1980s, 2.27% throughout the 1990s, 0.36% throughout the 2000s, and -0.07% thus far this decade (2010 to 2016).
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for Delaware noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for the nation.
Relative to nationwide real average earnings per job growth trends, Delaware surpassed the nation in the 1970s (1.00% vs. 0.88%), exceeded the nation in the 1980s (0.71% vs. 0.71%), outperformed the nation throughout the 1990s (2.27% vs. 1.71%), trailed the nation in the 2000s (0.36% vs. 0.74%), and fell under the nation over 2010-2016 (-0.07% vs. 0.70%).
   
 
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.91
1.00
0.71
2.27
0.36
-0.07
-1.59
 
0.96
0.88
0.71
1.71
0.74
0.70
-0.34
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Delaware:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2016
 
1969
 
7,596
0.213
35,639
100.0
N
105.55
1970
 
7,905
0.223
35,432
99.4
-0.58
103.81
1971
 
8,574
0.233
36,864
103.4
4.04
105.52
1972
 
9,117
0.241
37,903
106.4
2.82
104.62
1973
 
9,880
0.254
38,970
109.3
2.82
105.55
1974
 
10,668
0.280
38,112
106.9
-2.20
107.18
1975
 
11,689
0.303
38,539
108.1
1.12
108.81
1976
 
12,624
0.320
39,458
110.7
2.38
109.04
1977
 
13,488
0.341
39,582
111.1
0.31
108.41
1978
 
14,583
0.365
39,994
112.2
1.04
108.11
1979
 
15,590
0.397
39,274
110.2
-1.80
106.77
1980
 
17,133
0.440
38,975
109.4
-0.76
109.18
1981
 
18,377
0.478
38,421
107.8
-1.42
107.53
1982
 
19,630
0.505
38,886
109.1
1.21
109.05
1983
 
20,608
0.527
39,140
109.8
0.65
108.85
1984
 
21,709
0.546
39,727
111.5
1.50
107.50
1985
 
22,617
0.566
39,972
112.2
0.62
106.97
1986
 
23,185
0.578
40,108
112.5
0.34
104.95
1987
 
24,289
0.597
40,719
114.3
1.52
104.96
1988
 
25,610
0.620
41,323
115.9
1.48
104.85
1989
 
27,233
0.646
42,130
118.2
1.95
106.85
1990
 
28,354
0.674
42,043
118.0
-0.21
106.49
1991
 
30,013
0.697
43,090
120.9
2.49
108.90
1992
 
31,497
0.715
44,056
123.6
2.24
107.08
1993
 
31,801
0.733
43,397
121.8
-1.50
105.50
1994
 
32,995
0.748
44,109
123.8
1.64
106.59
1995
 
33,271
0.764
43,574
122.3
-1.21
105.10
1996
 
34,668
0.780
44,457
124.7
2.03
105.48
1997
 
36,063
0.793
45,461
127.6
2.26
105.20
1998
 
39,198
0.799
49,036
137.6
7.86
108.64
1999
 
42,581
0.811
52,498
147.3
7.06
112.58
2000
 
45,588
0.831
54,839
153.9
4.46
114.03
2001
 
50,853
0.847
60,014
168.4
9.44
122.37
2002
 
52,032
0.859
60,591
170.0
0.96
122.61
2003
 
52,749
0.876
60,234
169.0
-0.59
120.68
2004
 
52,661
0.897
58,706
164.7
-2.54
115.67
2005
 
52,881
0.923
57,317
160.8
-2.37
113.20
2006
 
54,381
0.947
57,407
161.1
0.16
112.12
2007
 
53,883
0.971
55,491
155.7
-3.34
109.25
2008
 
53,127
1.001
53,092
149.0
-4.32
104.94
2009
 
54,015
1.000
54,015
151.6
1.74
107.63
2010
 
54,436
1.017
53,551
150.3
-0.86
104.94
2011
 
57,343
1.041
55,059
154.5
2.82
107.64
2012
 
56,627
1.061
53,361
149.7
-3.08
103.06
2013
 
56,493
1.075
52,536
147.4
-1.55
101.81
2014
 
57,952
1.092
53,090
149.0
1.06
102.22
2015
 
59,684
1.095
54,516
153.0
2.68
103.12
2016
 
59,439
1.108
53,650
150.5
-1.59
101.83
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
May 2018
REAP_PI_SA1400_1400_PN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2016
 
1969
 
7,196
0.213
33,764
100.0
N
1970
 
7,615
0.223
34,133
101.1
1.09
1971
 
8,125
0.233
34,934
103.5
2.35
1972
 
8,715
0.241
36,230
107.3
3.71
1973
 
9,360
0.254
36,922
109.4
1.91
1974
 
9,954
0.280
35,560
105.3
-3.69
1975
 
10,742
0.303
35,419
104.9
-0.40
1976
 
11,577
0.320
36,187
107.2
2.17
1977
 
12,442
0.341
36,512
108.1
0.90
1978
 
13,489
0.365
36,994
109.6
1.32
1979
 
14,602
0.397
36,785
108.9
-0.56
1980
 
15,692
0.440
35,697
105.7
-2.96
1981
 
17,091
0.478
35,731
105.8
0.10
1982
 
18,001
0.505
35,660
105.6
-0.20
1983
 
18,932
0.527
35,957
106.5
0.83
1984
 
20,194
0.546
36,955
109.5
2.78
1985
 
21,143
0.566
37,367
110.7
1.12
1986
 
22,092
0.578
38,217
113.2
2.27
1987
 
23,141
0.597
38,795
114.9
1.51
1988
 
24,425
0.620
39,412
116.7
1.59
1989
 
25,487
0.646
39,429
116.8
0.04
1990
 
26,625
0.674
39,479
116.9
0.13
1991
 
27,561
0.697
39,569
117.2
0.23
1992
 
29,415
0.715
41,143
121.9
3.98
1993
 
30,143
0.733
41,135
121.8
-0.02
1994
 
30,956
0.748
41,383
122.6
0.61
1995
 
31,658
0.764
41,461
122.8
0.19
1996
 
32,868
0.780
42,149
124.8
1.66
1997
 
34,281
0.793
43,215
128.0
2.53
1998
 
36,079
0.799
45,135
133.7
4.44
1999
 
37,823
0.811
46,632
138.1
3.32
2000
 
39,978
0.831
48,091
142.4
3.13
2001
 
41,557
0.847
49,043
145.3
1.98
2002
 
42,438
0.859
49,419
146.4
0.77
2003
 
43,710
0.876
49,914
147.8
1.00
2004
 
45,528
0.897
50,754
150.3
1.68
2005
 
46,717
0.923
50,636
150.0
-0.23
2006
 
48,505
0.947
51,203
151.7
1.12
2007
 
49,321
0.971
50,793
150.4
-0.80
2008
 
50,626
1.001
50,593
149.8
-0.39
2009
 
50,184
1.000
50,184
148.6
-0.81
2010
 
51,873
1.017
51,029
151.1
1.68
2011
 
53,275
1.041
51,153
151.5
0.24
2012
 
54,948
1.061
51,779
153.4
1.22
2013
 
55,490
1.075
51,603
152.8
-0.34
2014
 
56,694
1.092
51,938
153.8
0.65
2015
 
57,879
1.095
52,867
156.6
1.79
2016
 
58,372
1.108
52,687
156.0
-0.34
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
May 2018
REAP_PI_SA1400_1400_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2018. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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