Kentucky vs. United States
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Gross Domestic Product Growth and Change, 1977-2020
Introduction
Kentucky vs. United States
Kentucky:
2020 GDP = $210,024M
2020 Percent of U.S. = 1.0%
U.S.:
2020 GDP = $20,936,558M
Nationally, GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is widely regarded as the foremost blue-chip barometer for tracking and calibrating the economic performance of the economy nationwide. Like its closely followed national counterpart, the GDP of the state of Kentucky is the most comprehensive measure of output of all goods and services produced by labor and property located within Kentucky. It is a market valuation of the goods and services-both private and public-produced within a state economy.
Unlike the widely and frequently reported employment and job numbers that measure labor as one of the units of input into production, GDP is a valuation of the output. Also, while State Personal Income is representative of the "purchasing power" of those that reside within a state, think of Gross Domestic Product as representative of the "producing power" of that state.
For a more detailed and technical explanation of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by State compiled by the Regional Product Branch of Bureau of Economic Analysis please refer to the July 2013 Survey of Current Business article, (pp. 115-120).

BEA: Definition

GDP by state is the state counterpart of the Nation's gross domestic product (GDP), the Bureau's featured and most comprehensive measure of U.S. economic activity. GDP by state is derived as the sum of the GDP originating in all the industries in a state.

The statistics of real GDP by state are prepared in chained (2012) dollars. Real GDP by state is an inflation-adjusted measure of each state's gross product that is based on national prices for the goods and services produced within that state. The statistics of real GDP by state and of quantity indexes with a base year of 2012 were derived by applying national chain-type price indexes to the current-dollar GDP-by-state values for the 64 detailed NAICS-based industries for 1997 forward.

The chain-type index formula that is used in the national accounts is then used to calculate the values of total real GDP by state and of real GDP by state at more aggregated industry levels. Real GDP by state may reflect a substantial volume of output that is sold to other states and regions. To the extent that a state's output is produced and sold in national markets at relatively uniform prices (or sold locally at national prices), real GDP by state captures the differences across states that reflect the relative differences in the mix of goods and services that the states produce. However, real GDP by state does not capture geographic differences in the prices of goods and services that are produced and sold locally.

United States. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Product Division.
BEA News Release (GDP by State). 2013. Web.
https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-state.

BEA: Relation of GDP by state to U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

An industry's GDP by state, or its value added, in practice, is calculated as the sum of incomes earned by labor and capital and the costs incurred in the production of goods and services. That is, it includes the wages and salaries that workers earn, the income earned by individual or joint entrepreneurs as well as by corporations, and business taxes such as sales, property, and Federal excise taxes that count as a business expense.

GDP is calculated as the sum of what consumers, businesses, and government spend on final goods and services, plus investment and net foreign trade. In theory, incomes earned should equal what is spent, but due to different data sources, income earned, usually referred to as gross domestic income (GDI), does not always equal what is spent (GDP). The difference is referred to as the "statistical discrepancy."

Starting with the 2004 comprehensive revision, BEA's annual industry accounts and its GDP-by-state accounts allocate the statistical discrepancy across all private-sector industries. Therefore, the GDP-by-state statistics are now conceptually more similar to the GDP statistics in the national accounts than they had been in the past.

U.S. real GDP by state for the advance year, 2012, may differ from the Annual Industry Accounts' GDP by industry and, hence NIPA (National Income and Product Account) GDP, because of different sources and vintages of data used to estimate GDP by state and NIPA GDP. For the revised years of 2009-2011, U.S. GDP by state is nearly identical to GDP by industry except for small differences resulting from the GDP-by-state accounts' exclusion of overseas Federal military and civilian activity (because it cannot be attributed to a particular state). The GDP-by-industry statistics are identical to those from the 2012 annual revision of the NIPAs, released in July 2012. However, because of revisions since July 2012, GDP in the NIPAs may differ from U.S. GDP by state.

United States. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Product Division.
BEA News Release (GDP by State). 2013. Web.
https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-state.

Kentucky Gross Domestic Product, 1978-2020
Current vs. Chained 2012 Dollars (Millions)
Kentucky Gross Domestic Product, 1978-2020
Current vs. Chained 2012 Dollars (Millions)
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Kentucky's annual gross domestic product over 1978-2020 in current and constant (chained 2012) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real total good and services output of Kentucky over time.
When measured in current dollars, Kentucky's GDP increased 542.6%, from $32,683M in 1978 to $210,024M in 2020. When measured in constant 2012 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 103.5%, from $90,320M in 1978 to $183,804M in 2020.
Real Gross Domestic Product Indices (1977=100): 1977-2020
Real Gross Domestic Product Indices (1977=100): 1977-2020
Figure 2.
Figure 2 portrays Kentucky's real gross domestic product growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real gross domestic product in 1977 as a base figure of 100, and the real gross domestic products in later years as a percentage of the 1977 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real gross domestic product growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Kentucky's overall real GDP growth was 112.4% over 1977-2020 trailed the United States' increase of 192.8%.

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Kentucky:
Gross Domestic Product, 1977-2020
 
1977
 
29,177
0.491
86,531
100.0
N
1.47
1978
 
32,683
0.512
90,320
104.4
4.38
1.46
1979
 
35,838
0.525
92,597
107.0
2.52
1.44
1980
 
37,017
0.507
89,376
103.3
-3.48
1.36
1981
 
41,068
0.521
91,791
106.1
2.70
1.34
1982
 
42,184
0.502
88,530
102.3
-3.55
1.31
1983
 
44,092
0.503
88,652
102.5
0.14
1.28
1984
 
49,344
0.541
95,355
110.2
7.56
1.28
1985
 
51,893
0.557
98,223
113.5
3.01
1.26
1986
 
53,199
0.549
96,847
111.9
-1.40
1.23
1987
 
56,282
0.569
100,389
116.0
3.66
1.21
1988
 
61,851
0.607
107,108
123.8
6.69
1.22
1989
 
65,526
0.621
109,476
126.5
2.21
1.22
1990
 
68,412
0.629
110,856
128.1
1.26
1.21
1991
 
71,679
0.634
111,851
129.3
0.90
1.23
1992
 
77,531
0.670
118,059
136.4
5.55
1.26
1993
 
81,618
0.690
121,634
140.6
3.03
1.26
1994
 
87,646
0.732
129,080
149.2
6.12
1.27
1995
 
91,915
0.758
133,610
154.4
3.51
1.26
1996
 
96,617
0.786
138,604
160.2
3.74
1.25
1997
 
104,538
0.833
146,881
169.7
5.97
1.22
1998
 
109,396
0.857
151,173
174.7
2.92
1.21
1999
 
114,994
0.884
155,866
180.1
3.10
1.19
2000
 
114,099
0.861
151,834
175.5
-2.59
1.11
2001
 
117,336
0.861
151,768
175.4
-0.04
1.11
2002
 
122,216
0.883
155,673
179.9
2.57
1.12
2003
 
127,174
0.904
159,400
184.2
2.39
1.11
2004
 
134,191
0.927
163,398
188.8
2.51
1.10
2005
 
142,708
0.958
168,840
195.1
3.33
1.09
2006
 
151,186
0.984
173,508
200.5
2.76
1.09
2007
 
154,542
0.975
171,850
198.6
-0.96
1.07
2008
 
158,209
0.977
172,242
199.1
0.23
1.08
2009
 
156,039
0.937
165,301
191.0
-4.03
1.08
2010
 
164,820
0.977
172,267
199.1
4.21
1.10
2011
 
170,005
0.988
174,203
201.3
1.12
1.09
2012
 
176,323
1.000
176,323
203.8
1.22
1.09
2013
 
182,471
1.018
179,499
207.4
1.80
1.09
2014
 
186,419
1.020
179,889
207.9
0.22
1.06
2015
 
192,819
1.035
182,488
210.9
1.45
1.06
2016
 
195,840
1.040
183,455
212.0
0.53
1.04
2017
 
200,346
1.047
184,601
213.3
0.62
1.03
2018
 
207,849
1.063
187,507
216.7
1.57
1.01
2019
 
215,399
1.082
190,812
220.5
1.76
1.00
2020
 
210,024
1.042
183,804
212.4
-3.67
1.00
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
April 2021
REAP_PI_SA1400_2000_PN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Gross Domestic Product, 1977-2020
 
1977
 
1,986,408
0.388
6,291,988
100.0
N
1978
 
2,243,230
0.409
6,628,106
105.3
5.34
1979
 
2,489,417
0.422
6,827,700
108.5
3.01
1980
 
2,713,933
0.422
6,827,222
108.5
-0.01
1981
 
3,057,318
0.433
7,012,547
111.5
2.71
1982
 
3,211,370
0.427
6,922,469
110.0
-1.28
1983
 
3,445,372
0.440
7,120,968
113.2
2.87
1984
 
3,853,668
0.471
7,628,882
121.2
7.13
1985
 
4,126,664
0.490
7,933,291
126.1
3.99
1986
 
4,340,813
0.500
8,103,923
128.8
2.15
1987
 
4,649,020
0.522
8,451,430
134.3
4.29
1988
 
5,053,003
0.549
8,899,168
141.4
5.30
1989
 
5,366,080
0.562
9,095,858
144.6
2.21
1990
 
5,651,747
0.570
9,232,383
146.7
1.50
1991
 
5,842,665
0.569
9,217,917
146.5
-0.16
1992
 
6,167,644
0.586
9,497,072
150.9
3.03
1993
 
6,467,698
0.598
9,690,657
154.0
2.04
1994
 
6,912,844
0.626
10,136,561
161.1
4.60
1995
 
7,299,372
0.647
10,485,330
166.6
3.44
1996
 
7,749,965
0.676
10,947,942
174.0
4.41
1997
 
8,577,552
0.711
11,521,938
183.1
5.24
1998
 
9,062,817
0.743
12,038,283
191.3
4.48
1999
 
9,630,663
0.779
12,610,491
200.4
4.75
2000
 
10,252,347
0.811
13,130,987
208.7
4.13
2001
 
10,581,822
0.819
13,262,079
210.8
1.00
2002
 
10,936,418
0.833
13,493,064
214.4
1.74
2003
 
11,458,246
0.857
13,879,129
220.6
2.86
2004
 
12,213,730
0.889
14,406,382
229.0
3.80
2005
 
13,036,637
0.921
14,912,509
237.0
3.51
2006
 
13,814,609
0.947
15,338,257
243.8
2.85
2007
 
14,451,860
0.965
15,626,029
248.3
1.88
2008
 
14,712,845
0.963
15,604,687
248.0
-0.14
2009
 
14,448,932
0.939
15,208,834
241.7
-2.54
2010
 
14,992,052
0.963
15,598,753
247.9
2.56
2011
 
15,542,582
0.978
15,840,664
251.8
1.55
2012
 
16,197,007
1.000
16,197,007
257.4
2.25
2013
 
16,784,851
1.018
16,495,369
262.2
1.84
2014
 
17,527,258
1.044
16,912,038
268.8
2.53
2015
 
18,238,301
1.076
17,432,170
277.1
3.08
2016
 
18,745,075
1.095
17,730,509
281.8
1.71
2017
 
19,542,980
1.120
18,144,105
288.4
2.33
2018
 
20,611,861
1.154
18,687,786
297.0
3.00
2019
 
21,433,226
1.179
19,091,662
303.4
2.16
2020
 
20,936,558
1.138
18,426,076
292.8
-3.49
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
April 2021
REAP_PI_SA1400_2000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2021. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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