Introduction
Michigan vs. United States
Michigan:
2021 Population = 10,050,811
2021 Percent of U.S. = 3.0%
U.S.:
2021 Population = 331,893,745
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Michigan with comparisons to the nation at large. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
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Population, 1958-2021
Population, 1958-2021
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Michigan's annual population for the period 1958-2021 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 64-year period, Michigan's population rose from 7,667,000 in 1958 to 10,050,811 in 2021, for a net gain of 2,383,811, or 31.1%.
NOTE: The state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
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Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2021
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2021
Figure 2.
Figure 2 portrays Michigan's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1958 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1958 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Michigan's overall population growth was 31.1% over 1958-2021 trailed the United States' increase of 90.6%.
Page 4 of 11
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2021
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2021
Figure 3.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the population growth of Michigan is to trace its individual percentage contributions to the United States' total population over time, as shown in Figure 3. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than the United States' population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1958, Michigan's population comprised 4.4% of the United States' population, while in 2021 it totaled 3.0% thereby yielding a -1.4% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2021 vs. 1958
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2021
vs.
1958
-1.37%
=
3.03%
-
4.40%
 
   
Page 5 of 11
Michigan Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2021
Michigan Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2021
Figure 4.
Figure 4 shows the short-run pattern of Michigan's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1959-2021. The average annual percent change for the entire 63-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Michigan's population grew at an annual rate of 0.43% over 1959-2021. The state recorded its highest growth in 1965 (2.08%) and posted its lowest growth in 1982 (-1.02%). In 2021, Michigan's population declined by -0.17%
Page 6 of 11
Michigan Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2021
Michigan Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2021
Figure 5.
Over the past nine decades some states have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again illustrates the annual percent change in Michigan's population since 1959, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020-2021.
During the 1960s, Michigan's annual population growth rate averaged 1.24%. It averaged 0.52% during the 1970s, 0.01% in the 1980s, 0.68% in the 1990s, 0.01% during the 2000s, 0.18% throughout the 2010s, -0.14% thus far this decade (2020-2021).
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Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for Michigan noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for the nation.
Relative to nationwide population growth trends, Michigan trailed the nation during the 1960s (1.24% vs. 1.29%), lagged the nation over the 1970s (0.52% vs. 1.10%), trailed the nation over the 1980s (0.01% vs. 0.95%), lagged the nation over the 1990s (0.68% vs. 1.23%), trailed the nation over the 2000s (0.01% vs. 0.95%), lagged the nation throughout the 2010s (0.18% vs. 0.74%), and posted below the nation over 2020-2021 (-0.14% vs. 0.25%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.43
1.24
0.52
0.01
0.68
0.01
0.18
-0.14
-0.17
 
1.03
1.29
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.74
0.25
0.12
 
   
Page 8 of 11

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Michigan:
Population, 1958-2021
 
1958
 
7,667,000
100.0
N
4.40
1959
 
7,767,000
101.3
1.30
4.38
1960
 
7,834,000
102.2
0.86
4.35
1961
 
7,893,000
102.9
0.75
4.31
1962
 
7,933,000
103.5
0.51
4.27
1963
 
8,058,000
105.1
1.58
4.28
1964
 
8,187,000
106.8
1.60
4.28
1965
 
8,357,000
109.0
2.08
4.32
1966
 
8,512,000
111.0
1.85
4.35
1967
 
8,630,000
112.6
1.39
4.37
1968
 
8,696,000
113.4
0.76
4.36
1969
 
8,781,000
114.5
0.98
4.36
1970
 
8,896,558
116.0
1.32
4.37
1971
 
8,971,835
117.0
0.85
4.34
1972
 
9,024,681
117.7
0.59
4.31
1973
 
9,071,764
118.3
0.52
4.29
1974
 
9,109,374
118.8
0.41
4.27
1975
 
9,107,840
118.8
-0.02
4.23
1976
 
9,117,481
118.9
0.11
4.19
1977
 
9,157,247
119.4
0.44
4.17
1978
 
9,201,953
120.0
0.49
4.14
1979
 
9,248,814
120.6
0.51
4.12
1980
 
9,255,553
120.7
0.07
4.07
1981
 
9,209,287
120.1
-0.50
4.01
1982
 
9,115,196
118.9
-1.02
3.93
1983
 
9,047,764
118.0
-0.74
3.87
1984
 
9,049,454
118.0
0.02
3.84
1985
 
9,076,287
118.4
0.30
3.81
1986
 
9,127,774
119.1
0.57
3.80
1987
 
9,187,484
119.8
0.65
3.79
1988
 
9,218,002
120.2
0.33
3.77
1989
 
9,253,298
120.7
0.38
3.75
1990
 
9,311,319
121.4
0.63
3.73
1991
 
9,400,446
122.6
0.96
3.72
1992
 
9,479,065
123.6
0.84
3.70
1993
 
9,540,114
124.4
0.64
3.67
1994
 
9,597,737
125.2
0.60
3.65
1995
 
9,676,211
126.2
0.82
3.63
1996
 
9,758,645
127.3
0.85
3.62
1997
 
9,809,051
127.9
0.52
3.60
1998
 
9,847,942
128.4
0.40
3.57
1999
 
9,897,116
129.1
0.50
3.55
2000
 
9,952,450
129.8
0.56
3.53
2001
 
9,991,120
130.3
0.39
3.51
2002
 
10,015,710
130.6
0.25
3.48
2003
 
10,041,152
131.0
0.25
3.46
2004
 
10,055,315
131.2
0.14
3.43
2005
 
10,051,137
131.1
-0.04
3.40
2006
 
10,036,081
130.9
-0.15
3.36
2007
 
10,001,284
130.4
-0.35
3.32
2008
 
9,946,889
129.7
-0.54
3.27
2009
 
9,901,591
129.1
-0.46
3.23
2010
 
9,880,076
128.9
-0.22
3.19
2011
 
9,895,488
129.1
0.16
3.17
2012
 
9,920,751
129.4
0.26
3.16
2013
 
9,947,308
129.7
0.27
3.14
2014
 
9,974,630
130.1
0.27
3.12
2015
 
9,987,137
130.3
0.13
3.10
2016
 
10,016,980
130.7
0.30
3.09
2017
 
10,049,868
131.1
0.33
3.08
2018
 
10,070,610
131.4
0.21
3.07
2019
 
10,078,236
131.4
0.08
3.05
2020
 
10,067,664
131.3
-0.10
3.04
2021
 
10,050,811
131.1
-0.17
3.03
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
September 2022
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   
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Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1958-2021
 
1958
 
174,153,000
100.0
N
1959
 
177,136,000
101.7
1.71
1960
 
179,972,000
103.3
1.60
1961
 
182,976,000
105.1
1.67
1962
 
185,739,000
106.7
1.51
1963
 
188,434,000
108.2
1.45
1964
 
191,085,000
109.7
1.41
1965
 
193,460,000
111.1
1.24
1966
 
195,499,000
112.3
1.05
1967
 
197,375,000
113.3
0.96
1968
 
199,312,000
114.4
0.98
1969
 
201,298,000
115.6
1.00
1970
 
203,798,722
117.0
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
118.8
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
120.2
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
121.4
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
122.5
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
123.7
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
124.9
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
126.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
127.5
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
128.9
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
130.5
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
131.8
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
133.0
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
134.2
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
135.4
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
136.6
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
137.9
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
139.1
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
140.4
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
141.7
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
143.3
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
145.3
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
147.3
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
149.2
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
151.1
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
152.9
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
154.7
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
156.6
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
158.4
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
160.2
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
162.0
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
163.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
165.2
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
166.6
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
168.1
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
169.7
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
171.3
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
173.0
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
174.6
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
176.2
0.88
2010
 
309,378,433
177.6
0.85
2011
 
311,841,632
179.1
0.80
2012
 
314,344,331
180.5
0.80
2013
 
316,735,375
181.9
0.76
2014
 
319,270,047
183.3
0.80
2015
 
321,829,327
184.8
0.80
2016
 
324,367,742
186.3
0.79
2017
 
326,623,063
187.5
0.70
2018
 
328,542,157
188.7
0.59
2019
 
330,233,102
189.6
0.51
2020
 
331,501,080
190.4
0.38
2021
 
331,893,745
190.6
0.12
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
September 2022
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   
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