Alabama vs. United States
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1958-2020
Introduction
Alabama vs. United States
Alabama:
2020 Population = 4,921,532
2020 Percent of U.S. = 1.5%
U.S.:
2020 Population = 329,484,123
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Alabama with comparisons to the nation at large. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1958-2020
Population, 1958-2020
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Alabama's annual population for the period 1958-2020 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 63-year period, Alabama's population rose from 3,163,000 in 1958 to 4,921,532 in 2020, for a net gain of 1,758,532, or 55.6%.
NOTE: The state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2020
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2020
Figure 2.
Figure 2 shows Alabama's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1958 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1958 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Alabama's overall population growth was 55.6% over 1958-2020 trailed the United States' increase of 89.2%.
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2020
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2020
Figure 3.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the population growth of Alabama is to trace its individual percentage contributions to the United States' total population over time, as shown in Figure 3. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than the United States' population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1958, Alabama's population totaled 1.8% of the United States' population, while in 2020 it equated to 1.5% thereby yielding a -0.3% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2020 vs. 1958
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2020
vs.
1958
-0.32%
=
1.49%
-
1.82%
 
   
Alabama Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2020
Alabama Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2020
Figure 4.
Figure 4 highlights the short-run pattern of Alabama's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1959-2020. The average annual percent change for the entire 62-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Alabama's population grew at an annual rate of 0.72% over 1959-2020. The state posted its highest growth in 1960 (2.18%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1968 (-0.35%). In 2020, Alabama's population grew by 0.28%
Alabama Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2020
Alabama Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2020
Figure 5.
Over the past six decades some states have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again illustrates the annual percent change in Alabama's population since 1959, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2020.
During the 1960s, Alabama's annual population growth rate averaged 0.72%. It averaged 1.18% during the 1970s, 0.41% during the 1980s, 0.95% during the 1990s, 0.72% in the 2000s, and 0.31% thus far this decade (2010 to 2020).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for Alabama noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for the nation.
Relative to nationwide population growth trends, Alabama fell under the nation over the 1960s (0.72% vs. 1.29%), led the nation during the 1970s (1.18% vs. 1.10%), posted below the nation over the 1980s (0.41% vs. 0.95%), fell under the nation during the 1990s (0.95% vs. 1.23%), recorded underneath the nation during the 2000s (0.72% vs. 0.95%), and lagged the nation over 2010-2020 (0.31% vs. 0.68%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.72
0.72
1.18
0.41
0.95
0.72
0.31
0.28
 
1.03
1.29
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.68
0.35
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Alabama:
Population, 1958-2020
 
1958
 
3,163,000
100.0
N
1.82
1959
 
3,204,000
101.3
1.30
1.81
1960
 
3,274,000
103.5
2.18
1.82
1961
 
3,316,000
104.8
1.28
1.81
1962
 
3,323,000
105.1
0.21
1.79
1963
 
3,358,000
106.2
1.05
1.78
1964
 
3,395,000
107.3
1.10
1.78
1965
 
3,443,000
108.9
1.41
1.78
1966
 
3,464,000
109.5
0.61
1.77
1967
 
3,458,000
109.3
-0.17
1.75
1968
 
3,446,000
108.9
-0.35
1.73
1969
 
3,440,000
108.8
-0.17
1.71
1970
 
3,449,846
109.1
0.29
1.69
1971
 
3,497,452
110.6
1.38
1.69
1972
 
3,540,080
111.9
1.22
1.69
1973
 
3,580,769
113.2
1.15
1.69
1974
 
3,627,805
114.7
1.31
1.70
1975
 
3,680,533
116.4
1.45
1.71
1976
 
3,737,204
118.2
1.54
1.72
1977
 
3,782,736
119.6
1.22
1.72
1978
 
3,834,120
121.2
1.36
1.73
1979
 
3,869,444
122.3
0.92
1.72
1980
 
3,900,368
123.3
0.80
1.72
1981
 
3,918,533
123.9
0.47
1.71
1982
 
3,925,263
124.1
0.17
1.69
1983
 
3,934,100
124.4
0.23
1.68
1984
 
3,951,824
124.9
0.45
1.68
1985
 
3,972,520
125.6
0.52
1.67
1986
 
3,991,569
126.2
0.48
1.66
1987
 
4,015,262
126.9
0.59
1.66
1988
 
4,023,842
127.2
0.21
1.65
1989
 
4,030,219
127.4
0.16
1.63
1990
 
4,050,055
128.0
0.49
1.62
1991
 
4,099,156
129.6
1.21
1.62
1992
 
4,154,014
131.3
1.34
1.62
1993
 
4,214,202
133.2
1.45
1.62
1994
 
4,260,229
134.7
1.09
1.62
1995
 
4,296,800
135.8
0.86
1.61
1996
 
4,331,102
136.9
0.80
1.61
1997
 
4,367,935
138.1
0.85
1.60
1998
 
4,404,701
139.3
0.84
1.60
1999
 
4,430,141
140.1
0.58
1.59
2000
 
4,452,173
140.8
0.50
1.58
2001
 
4,467,634
141.2
0.35
1.57
2002
 
4,480,089
141.6
0.28
1.56
2003
 
4,503,491
142.4
0.52
1.55
2004
 
4,530,729
143.2
0.60
1.55
2005
 
4,569,805
144.5
0.86
1.55
2006
 
4,628,981
146.3
1.29
1.55
2007
 
4,672,840
147.7
0.95
1.55
2008
 
4,718,206
149.2
0.97
1.55
2009
 
4,757,938
150.4
0.84
1.55
2010
 
4,785,514
151.3
0.58
1.55
2011
 
4,799,642
151.7
0.30
1.54
2012
 
4,816,632
152.3
0.35
1.53
2013
 
4,831,586
152.8
0.31
1.53
2014
 
4,843,737
153.1
0.25
1.52
2015
 
4,854,803
153.5
0.23
1.51
2016
 
4,866,824
153.9
0.25
1.51
2017
 
4,877,989
154.2
0.23
1.50
2018
 
4,891,628
154.7
0.28
1.50
2019
 
4,907,965
155.2
0.33
1.49
2020
 
4,921,532
155.6
0.28
1.49
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
March 2021
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1958-2020
 
1958
 
174,153,000
100.0
N
1959
 
177,136,000
101.7
1.71
1960
 
179,972,000
103.3
1.60
1961
 
182,976,000
105.1
1.67
1962
 
185,739,000
106.7
1.51
1963
 
188,434,000
108.2
1.45
1964
 
191,085,000
109.7
1.41
1965
 
193,460,000
111.1
1.24
1966
 
195,499,000
112.3
1.05
1967
 
197,375,000
113.3
0.96
1968
 
199,312,000
114.4
0.98
1969
 
201,298,000
115.6
1.00
1970
 
203,798,722
117.0
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
118.8
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
120.2
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
121.4
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
122.5
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
123.7
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
124.9
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
126.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
127.5
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
128.9
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
130.5
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
131.8
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
133.0
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
134.2
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
135.4
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
136.6
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
137.9
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
139.1
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
140.4
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
141.7
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
143.3
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
145.3
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
147.3
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
149.2
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
151.1
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
152.9
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
154.7
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
156.6
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
158.4
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
160.2
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
162.0
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
163.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
165.2
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
166.6
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
168.1
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
169.7
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
171.3
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
173.0
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
174.6
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
176.2
0.88
2010
 
309,327,143
177.6
0.83
2011
 
311,583,481
178.9
0.73
2012
 
313,877,662
180.2
0.74
2013
 
316,059,947
181.5
0.70
2014
 
318,386,329
182.8
0.74
2015
 
320,738,994
184.2
0.74
2016
 
323,071,755
185.5
0.73
2017
 
325,122,128
186.7
0.63
2018
 
326,838,199
187.7
0.53
2019
 
328,329,953
188.5
0.46
2020
 
329,484,123
189.2
0.35
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
March 2021
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2021. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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