New England vs. United States
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1958-2020
Introduction
New England vs. United States
New England:
2020 Population = 14,847,468
2020 Percent of U.S. = 4.5%
U.S.:
2020 Population = 329,484,123
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of New England with comparisons to the nation at large. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1958-2020
Population, 1958-2020
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks New England's annual population for the period 1958-2020 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 63-year period, New England's population rose from 10,219,000 in 1958 to 14,847,468 in 2020, for a net gain of 4,628,468, or 45.3%.
NOTE: The state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2020
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2020
Figure 2.
Figure 2 shows New England's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1958 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1958 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
New England's overall population growth was 45.3% over 1958-2020 trailed the United States' increase of 89.2%.
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2020
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2020
Figure 3.
Another interesting and insightful way of highlighting the population growth of New England is to trace its individual percentage contributions to the United States' total population over time, as shown in Figure 3. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than the United States' population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1958, New England's population totaled 5.9% of the United States' population, while in 2020 it comprised 4.5% thereby yielding a -1.4% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2020 vs. 1958
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2020
vs.
1958
-1.36%
=
4.51%
-
5.87%
 
   
New England Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2020
New England Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2020
Figure 4.
Figure 4 highlights the short-run pattern of New England's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1959-2020. The average annual percent change for the entire 62-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, New England's population grew at an annual rate of 0.61% over 1959-2020. New England posted its highest growth in 1959 (2.13%) and posted its lowest growth in 2020 (-0.01%). In 2020, New England's population declined by -0.01%
New England Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2020
New England Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2020
Figure 5.
Over the past six decades some census divisions have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again traces the annual percent change in New England's population since 1959, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2020.
During the 1960s, New England's annual population growth rate averaged 1.18%. It averaged 0.51% during the 1970s, 0.66% during the 1980s, 0.49% throughout the 1990s, 0.40% during the 2000s, and 0.31% thus far this decade (2010 to 2020).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for New England noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for the nation.
Relative to nationwide population growth trends, New England fell under the nation during the 1960s (1.18% vs. 1.29%), recorded underneath the nation throughout the 1970s (0.51% vs. 1.10%), recorded underneath the nation during the 1980s (0.66% vs. 0.95%), recorded underneath the nation over the 1990s (0.49% vs. 1.23%), recorded underneath the nation in the 2000s (0.40% vs. 0.95%), and lagged the nation over 2010-2020 (0.31% vs. 0.68%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.61
1.18
0.51
0.66
0.49
0.40
0.31
-0.01
 
1.03
1.29
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.68
0.35
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
New England:
Population, 1958-2020
 
1958
 
10,219,000
100.0
N
5.87
1959
 
10,437,000
102.1
2.13
5.89
1960
 
10,532,000
103.1
0.91
5.85
1961
 
10,666,000
104.4
1.27
5.83
1962
 
10,800,000
105.7
1.26
5.81
1963
 
10,986,000
107.5
1.72
5.83
1964
 
11,186,000
109.5
1.82
5.85
1965
 
11,329,000
110.9
1.28
5.86
1966
 
11,430,000
111.9
0.89
5.85
1967
 
11,562,000
113.1
1.15
5.86
1968
 
11,637,000
113.9
0.65
5.84
1969
 
11,735,000
114.8
0.84
5.83
1970
 
11,878,088
116.2
1.22
5.83
1971
 
11,996,218
117.4
0.99
5.80
1972
 
12,087,834
118.3
0.76
5.78
1973
 
12,147,736
118.9
0.50
5.75
1974
 
12,156,540
119.0
0.07
5.70
1975
 
12,176,402
119.2
0.16
5.65
1976
 
12,207,302
119.5
0.25
5.61
1977
 
12,257,357
119.9
0.41
5.58
1978
 
12,302,714
120.4
0.37
5.54
1979
 
12,345,269
120.8
0.35
5.50
1980
 
12,371,656
121.1
0.21
5.44
1981
 
12,435,782
121.7
0.52
5.42
1982
 
12,467,917
122.0
0.26
5.38
1983
 
12,544,350
122.8
0.61
5.37
1984
 
12,641,838
123.7
0.78
5.36
1985
 
12,740,544
124.7
0.78
5.35
1986
 
12,833,004
125.6
0.73
5.34
1987
 
12,951,233
126.7
0.92
5.35
1988
 
13,084,523
128.0
1.03
5.35
1989
 
13,181,740
129.0
0.74
5.34
1990
 
13,229,502
129.5
0.36
5.30
1991
 
13,247,630
129.6
0.14
5.24
1992
 
13,271,045
129.9
0.18
5.17
1993
 
13,334,364
130.5
0.48
5.13
1994
 
13,396,380
131.1
0.47
5.09
1995
 
13,472,634
131.8
0.57
5.06
1996
 
13,554,814
132.6
0.61
5.03
1997
 
13,642,197
133.5
0.64
5.00
1998
 
13,733,828
134.4
0.67
4.98
1999
 
13,837,653
135.4
0.76
4.96
2000
 
13,949,721
136.5
0.81
4.94
2001
 
14,041,043
137.4
0.65
4.93
2002
 
14,122,441
138.2
0.58
4.91
2003
 
14,182,454
138.8
0.42
4.89
2004
 
14,206,683
139.0
0.17
4.85
2005
 
14,216,656
139.1
0.07
4.81
2006
 
14,245,540
139.4
0.20
4.77
2007
 
14,279,205
139.7
0.24
4.74
2008
 
14,340,115
140.3
0.43
4.72
2009
 
14,403,575
140.9
0.44
4.70
2010
 
14,469,951
141.6
0.46
4.68
2011
 
14,532,793
142.2
0.43
4.66
2012
 
14,593,505
142.8
0.42
4.65
2013
 
14,648,928
143.3
0.38
4.63
2014
 
14,708,239
143.9
0.40
4.62
2015
 
14,735,319
144.2
0.18
4.59
2016
 
14,765,334
144.5
0.20
4.57
2017
 
14,806,708
144.9
0.28
4.55
2018
 
14,839,608
145.2
0.22
4.54
2019
 
14,849,662
145.3
0.07
4.52
2020
 
14,847,468
145.3
-0.01
4.51
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
April 2021
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1958-2020
 
1958
 
174,153,000
100.0
N
1959
 
177,136,000
101.7
1.71
1960
 
179,972,000
103.3
1.60
1961
 
182,976,000
105.1
1.67
1962
 
185,739,000
106.7
1.51
1963
 
188,434,000
108.2
1.45
1964
 
191,085,000
109.7
1.41
1965
 
193,460,000
111.1
1.24
1966
 
195,499,000
112.3
1.05
1967
 
197,375,000
113.3
0.96
1968
 
199,312,000
114.4
0.98
1969
 
201,298,000
115.6
1.00
1970
 
203,798,722
117.0
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
118.8
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
120.2
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
121.4
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
122.5
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
123.7
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
124.9
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
126.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
127.5
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
128.9
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
130.5
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
131.8
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
133.0
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
134.2
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
135.4
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
136.6
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
137.9
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
139.1
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
140.4
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
141.7
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
143.3
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
145.3
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
147.3
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
149.2
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
151.1
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
152.9
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
154.7
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
156.6
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
158.4
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
160.2
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
162.0
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
163.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
165.2
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
166.6
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
168.1
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
169.7
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
171.3
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
173.0
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
174.6
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
176.2
0.88
2010
 
309,327,143
177.6
0.83
2011
 
311,583,481
178.9
0.73
2012
 
313,877,662
180.2
0.74
2013
 
316,059,947
181.5
0.70
2014
 
318,386,329
182.8
0.74
2015
 
320,738,994
184.2
0.74
2016
 
323,071,755
185.5
0.73
2017
 
325,122,128
186.7
0.63
2018
 
326,838,199
187.7
0.53
2019
 
328,329,953
188.5
0.46
2020
 
329,484,123
189.2
0.35
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
April 2021
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2021. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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