Arkansas vs. United States
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1958-2023
Introduction
Arkansas vs. United States
Arkansas:
2023 Population = 3,067,732
2023 Percent of U.S. = 0.92%
U.S.:
2023 Population = 334,914,895
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Arkansas with comparisons to the nation at large. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1958-2023
Population, 1958-2023
Figure 1.
Figure 1 traces Arkansas' annual population for the period 1958-2023 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 66-year period, Arkansas' population rose from 1,726,000 in 1958 to 3,067,732 in 2023, for a net gain of 1,341,732, or 77.74%.
NOTE: The state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2023
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2023
Figure 2.
Figure 2 shows Arkansas' population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1958 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1958 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Arkansas' overall population growth was 77.74% over 1958-2023 trailed the United States' increase of 92.31%.
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2023
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2023
Figure 3.
Another interesting and insightful way of highlighting the population growth of Arkansas is to compare its individual percentage contributions to the United States' total population over time, as shown in Figure 3. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than the United States' population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1958, Arkansas' population comprised 0.99% of the United States' population, while in 2023 it totaled 0.92% thereby yielding a -0.08% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2023 vs. 1958
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2023
vs.
1958
-0.08%
=
0.92%
-
0.99%
 
   
Arkansas Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2023
Arkansas Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2023
Figure 4.
Figure 4 highlights the short-run pattern of Arkansas' population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1959-2023. The average annual percent change for the entire 65-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Arkansas' population grew at an annual rate of 0.89% over 1959-2023. The state posted its highest growth in 1975 (2.76%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1965 (-0.16%). In 2023, Arkansas' population grew by 0.70%
Arkansas Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2023
Arkansas Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2023
Figure 5.
Over the past six decades some states have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again illustrates the annual percent change in Arkansas' population since 1959, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020-2023.
During the 1960s, Arkansas' annual population growth rate averaged 0.86%. It averaged 1.72% throughout the 1970s, 0.34% throughout the 1980s, 1.23% throughout the 1990s, 0.89% in the 2000s, 0.36% throughout the 2010s, 0.52% thus far this decade (2020-2023).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for Arkansas noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for the nation.
Relative to nationwide population growth trends, Arkansas posted below the nation during the 1960s (0.86% vs. 1.29%), outpaced the nation during the 1970s (1.72% vs. 1.10%), recorded underneath the nation during the 1980s (0.34% vs. 0.95%), fell under the nation during the 1990s (1.23% vs. 1.23%), recorded underneath the nation over the 2000s (0.89% vs. 0.95%), fell below the nation throughout the 2010s (0.36% vs. 0.74%), and registered above the nation over 2020-2023 (0.52% vs. 0.35%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.89
0.86
1.72
0.34
1.23
0.89
0.36
0.52
0.70
 
1.01
1.29
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.74
0.35
0.49
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Arkansas:
Population, 1958-2023
 
1958
 
1,726,000
100.0
N
0.99
1959
 
1,756,000
101.7
1.74
0.99
1960
 
1,789,000
103.7
1.88
0.99
1961
 
1,806,000
104.6
0.95
0.99
1962
 
1,853,000
107.4
2.60
1.00
1963
 
1,875,000
108.6
1.19
1.00
1964
 
1,897,000
109.9
1.17
0.99
1965
 
1,894,000
109.7
-0.16
0.98
1966
 
1,899,000
110.0
0.26
0.97
1967
 
1,901,000
110.1
0.11
0.96
1968
 
1,902,000
110.2
0.05
0.95
1969
 
1,913,000
110.8
0.58
0.95
1970
 
1,930,077
111.8
0.89
0.95
1971
 
1,972,028
114.3
2.17
0.95
1972
 
2,018,116
116.9
2.34
0.96
1973
 
2,058,491
119.3
2.00
0.97
1974
 
2,100,385
121.7
2.04
0.98
1975
 
2,158,291
125.0
2.76
1.00
1976
 
2,168,688
125.6
0.48
1.00
1977
 
2,207,228
127.9
1.78
1.00
1978
 
2,241,019
129.8
1.53
1.01
1979
 
2,269,115
131.5
1.25
1.01
1980
 
2,288,738
132.6
0.86
1.01
1981
 
2,293,204
132.9
0.20
1.00
1982
 
2,294,254
132.9
0.05
0.99
1983
 
2,305,766
133.6
0.50
0.99
1984
 
2,319,767
134.4
0.61
0.98
1985
 
2,327,046
134.8
0.31
0.98
1986
 
2,331,988
135.1
0.21
0.97
1987
 
2,342,357
135.7
0.44
0.97
1988
 
2,342,655
135.7
0.01
0.96
1989
 
2,346,354
135.9
0.16
0.95
1990
 
2,356,586
136.5
0.44
0.94
1991
 
2,383,144
138.1
1.13
0.94
1992
 
2,415,984
140.0
1.38
0.94
1993
 
2,456,303
142.3
1.67
0.95
1994
 
2,494,019
144.5
1.54
0.95
1995
 
2,535,399
146.9
1.66
0.95
1996
 
2,572,109
149.0
1.45
0.95
1997
 
2,601,090
150.7
1.13
0.95
1998
 
2,626,289
152.2
0.97
0.95
1999
 
2,651,860
153.6
0.97
0.95
2000
 
2,678,588
155.2
1.01
0.95
2001
 
2,691,571
155.9
0.48
0.94
2002
 
2,705,927
156.8
0.53
0.94
2003
 
2,724,816
157.9
0.70
0.94
2004
 
2,749,686
159.3
0.91
0.94
2005
 
2,781,097
161.1
1.14
0.94
2006
 
2,821,761
163.5
1.46
0.95
2007
 
2,848,650
165.0
0.95
0.95
2008
 
2,874,554
166.5
0.91
0.95
2009
 
2,896,843
167.8
0.78
0.94
2010
 
2,921,561
169.3
0.85
0.94
2011
 
2,938,833
170.3
0.59
0.94
2012
 
2,948,887
170.9
0.34
0.94
2013
 
2,954,685
171.2
0.20
0.93
2014
 
2,961,191
171.6
0.22
0.93
2015
 
2,970,352
172.1
0.31
0.92
2016
 
2,980,602
172.7
0.35
0.92
2017
 
2,990,801
173.3
0.34
0.92
2018
 
2,997,271
173.7
0.22
0.91
2019
 
3,004,248
174.1
0.23
0.91
2020
 
3,014,348
174.6
0.34
0.91
2021
 
3,028,443
175.5
0.47
0.91
2022
 
3,046,404
176.5
0.59
0.91
2023
 
3,067,732
177.7
0.70
0.92
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
April 2024
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1958-2023
 
1958
 
174,153,000
100.0
N
1959
 
177,136,000
101.7
1.71
1960
 
179,972,000
103.3
1.60
1961
 
182,976,000
105.1
1.67
1962
 
185,739,000
106.7
1.51
1963
 
188,434,000
108.2
1.45
1964
 
191,085,000
109.7
1.41
1965
 
193,460,000
111.1
1.24
1966
 
195,499,000
112.3
1.05
1967
 
197,375,000
113.3
0.96
1968
 
199,312,000
114.4
0.98
1969
 
201,298,000
115.6
1.00
1970
 
203,798,722
117.0
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
118.8
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
120.2
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
121.4
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
122.5
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
123.7
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
124.9
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
126.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
127.5
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
128.9
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
130.5
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
131.8
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
133.0
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
134.2
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
135.4
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
136.6
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
137.9
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
139.1
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
140.4
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
141.7
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
143.3
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
145.3
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
147.3
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
149.2
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
151.1
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
152.9
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
154.7
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
156.6
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
158.4
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
160.2
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
162.0
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
163.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
165.2
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
166.6
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
168.1
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
169.7
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
171.3
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
173.0
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
174.6
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
176.2
0.88
2010
 
309,378,433
177.6
0.85
2011
 
311,841,632
179.1
0.80
2012
 
314,344,331
180.5
0.80
2013
 
316,735,375
181.9
0.76
2014
 
319,270,047
183.3
0.80
2015
 
321,829,327
184.8
0.80
2016
 
324,367,742
186.3
0.79
2017
 
326,623,063
187.5
0.70
2018
 
328,542,157
188.7
0.59
2019
 
330,233,102
189.6
0.51
2020
 
331,526,933
190.4
0.39
2021
 
332,048,977
190.7
0.16
2022
 
333,271,411
191.4
0.37
2023
 
334,914,895
192.3
0.49
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
April 2024
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2024. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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