Southeast vs. Great Lakes
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1958-2015
Introduction
Southeast:
2015 Population = 82,177,832
2015 Percent of U.S. = 25.6%
Great Lakes:
2015 Population = 46,787,011
2015 Percent of U.S. = 14.6%
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Southeast with comparisons to Great Lakes and the nation at large. This analysis features alternative approaches toward discussing, diagnosing and comparing Southeast vs. Great Lakes' population growth over 1958-2015. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1958-2015
Population, 1958-2015
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Southeast's and Great Lakes' annual population for the period 1958-2015 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 58-year period, Southeast's population rose from 37,435,000 in 1958 to 82,177,832 in 2015, for a net gain of 44,742,832, or 119.5%. In comparison, Great Lakes' population advanced from 35,578,000 in 1958 to 46,787,011 in 2015, for a net gain of 11,209,011, or 31.5%.
NOTE: The state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2015
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2015
Figure 2.
Figure 2 portrays Southeast's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Great Lakes, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1958 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1958 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Southeast's overall population growth was 119.5% over 1958-2015 outpaced Great Lakes' increase of 31.5%, and outpaced the United States' increase of 84.6%.
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2015
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2015
Figure 3.
Another interesting and insightful way of highlighting the population growth of Southeast and Great Lakes is to compare their individual percentage contributions to the United States' total population over time, as shown in Figure 3. A rising share means a region's population grew faster—or declined less—than the United States' population, while a declining share shows they grew more slowly.
In 1958, Southeast's population comprised 21.5% of the United States' population, while in 2015 it comprised 25.6% thereby yielding a +4.1% share-shift. Similarly, in 1958, Great Lakes' population consisted of 20.4% of the United States' population, while in 2015 it equated to 14.6%, resulting in a -5.9% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2015 vs. 1958
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2015
vs.
1958
+4.07%
=
25.57%
-
21.50%
-5.87%
=
14.56%
-
20.43%
 
   
Southeast Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2015
Southeast Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2015
Figure 4.
Figure 4 highlights the short-run pattern of Southeast's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1959-2015. The average annual percent change for the entire 57-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Southeast's population grew at an annual rate of 1.39% over 1959-2015. Southeast posted its highest growth in 1971 (2.36%) and posted its lowest growth in 2013 (0.80%). In 2015, Southeast's population grew by 1.00%
Southeast Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2015
Southeast Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2015
Figure 5.
Over the past five decades some bea regions have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again depicts the annual percent change in Southeast's population since 1959, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2015.
During the 1960s, Southeast's annual population growth rate averaged 1.32%. It averaged 1.81% during the 1970s, 1.23% throughout the 1980s, 1.56% throughout the 1990s, 1.27% during the 2000s, and 0.91% thus far this decade (2010 to 2015).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for Southeast noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Great Lakes and the nation. As the chart reveals, Southeast's average annual population growth outperformed Great Lakes' average in the 1960s (1.32% vs. 1.06%), recorded above Great Lakes' average during the 1970s (1.81% vs. 0.42%), exceeded Great Lakes' average throughout the 1980s (1.23% vs. 0.06%), surpassed Great Lakes' average throughout the 1990s (1.56% vs. 0.72%), registered above Great Lakes' average throughout the 2000s (1.27% vs. 0.30%), and registered above Great Lakes' average over the 6 year period of the last decade, 2010-2015 (0.91% vs. 0.15%).
Finally, relative to nationwide population growth trends, Southeast led the nation in the 1960s (1.32% vs. 1.29%), recorded above the nation over the 1970s (1.81% vs. 1.10%), registered above the nation over the 1980s (1.23% vs. 0.95%), outperformed the nation in the 1990s (1.56% vs. 1.23%), outgained the nation over the 2000s (1.27% vs. 0.95%), and outperformed the nation over 2010-2015 (0.91% vs. 0.78%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
1.39
1.32
1.81
1.23
1.56
1.27
0.91
1.00
 
0.48
1.06
0.42
0.06
0.72
0.30
0.15
0.07
 
1.08
1.29
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.78
0.79
 
   
   
 
Southeast:
Population, 1958-2015
 
1958
 
37,435,000
100.0
N
21.50
1959
 
38,115,000
101.8
1.82
21.52
1960
 
38,885,000
103.9
2.02
21.61
1961
 
39,544,000
105.6
1.69
21.61
1962
 
40,179,000
107.3
1.61
21.63
1963
 
40,742,000
108.8
1.40
21.62
1964
 
41,349,000
110.5
1.49
21.64
1965
 
41,857,000
111.8
1.23
21.64
1966
 
42,257,000
112.9
0.96
21.61
1967
 
42,611,000
113.8
0.84
21.59
1968
 
43,042,000
115.0
1.01
21.60
1969
 
43,440,000
116.0
0.92
21.58
1970
 
43,973,515
117.5
1.23
21.58
1971
 
45,013,167
120.2
2.36
21.76
1972
 
46,019,010
122.9
2.23
21.99
1973
 
46,991,755
125.5
2.11
22.23
1974
 
47,954,591
128.1
2.05
22.48
1975
 
48,787,678
130.3
1.74
22.64
1976
 
49,513,969
132.3
1.49
22.76
1977
 
50,311,832
134.4
1.61
22.89
1978
 
51,113,001
136.5
1.59
23.01
1979
 
51,976,687
138.8
1.69
23.15
1980
 
52,881,196
141.3
1.74
23.27
1981
 
53,627,371
143.3
1.41
23.37
1982
 
54,248,696
144.9
1.16
23.42
1983
 
54,856,066
146.5
1.12
23.46
1984
 
55,514,620
148.3
1.20
23.54
1985
 
56,198,797
150.1
1.23
23.62
1986
 
56,861,115
151.9
1.18
23.68
1987
 
57,536,401
153.7
1.19
23.75
1988
 
58,120,493
155.3
1.02
23.77
1989
 
58,733,381
156.9
1.05
23.80
1990
 
59,516,122
159.0
1.33
23.84
1991
 
60,500,666
161.6
1.65
23.92
1992
 
61,508,138
164.3
1.67
23.98
1993
 
62,530,549
167.0
1.66
24.06
1994
 
63,574,211
169.8
1.67
24.16
1995
 
64,601,937
172.6
1.62
24.26
1996
 
65,611,342
175.3
1.56
24.36
1997
 
66,655,300
178.1
1.59
24.45
1998
 
67,626,581
180.7
1.46
24.52
1999
 
68,569,381
183.2
1.39
24.57
2000
 
69,497,232
185.6
1.35
24.63
2001
 
70,317,959
187.8
1.18
24.68
2002
 
71,151,666
190.1
1.19
24.74
2003
 
71,961,591
192.2
1.14
24.81
2004
 
73,019,229
195.1
1.47
24.94
2005
 
74,148,386
198.1
1.55
25.09
2006
 
75,065,947
200.5
1.24
25.16
2007
 
76,122,849
203.3
1.41
25.27
2008
 
77,057,840
205.8
1.23
25.34
2009
 
77,814,936
207.9
0.98
25.37
2010
 
78,565,573
209.9
0.96
25.40
2011
 
79,266,618
211.7
0.89
25.43
2012
 
79,980,739
213.7
0.90
25.46
2013
 
80,622,406
215.4
0.80
25.48
2014
 
81,365,172
217.4
0.92
25.51
2015
 
82,177,832
219.5
1.00
25.57
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2016
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PSN
 
   
   
 
Great Lakes:
Population, 1958-2015
 
1958
 
35,578,000
100.0
N
20.43
1959
 
35,928,000
101.0
0.98
20.28
1960
 
36,290,000
102.0
1.01
20.16
1961
 
36,616,000
102.9
0.90
20.01
1962
 
36,927,000
103.8
0.85
19.88
1963
 
37,357,000
105.0
1.16
19.82
1964
 
37,868,000
106.4
1.37
19.82
1965
 
38,405,000
107.9
1.42
19.85
1966
 
38,951,000
109.5
1.42
19.92
1967
 
39,347,000
110.6
1.02
19.94
1968
 
39,645,000
111.4
0.76
19.89
1969
 
39,904,000
112.2
0.65
19.82
1970
 
40,319,722
113.3
1.04
19.78
1971
 
40,622,322
114.2
0.75
19.64
1972
 
40,824,274
114.7
0.50
19.51
1973
 
40,946,800
115.1
0.30
19.37
1974
 
41,036,791
115.3
0.22
19.24
1975
 
41,105,385
115.5
0.17
19.08
1976
 
41,186,726
115.8
0.20
18.93
1977
 
41,353,165
116.2
0.40
18.82
1978
 
41,510,152
116.7
0.38
18.69
1979
 
41,610,978
117.0
0.24
18.53
1980
 
41,693,671
117.2
0.20
18.35
1981
 
41,647,869
117.1
-0.11
18.15
1982
 
41,492,474
116.6
-0.37
17.91
1983
 
41,366,046
116.3
-0.30
17.69
1984
 
41,393,218
116.3
0.07
17.55
1985
 
41,417,995
116.4
0.06
17.41
1986
 
41,455,030
116.5
0.09
17.26
1987
 
41,589,687
116.9
0.32
17.17
1988
 
41,720,866
117.3
0.32
17.06
1989
 
41,872,543
117.7
0.36
16.96
1990
 
42,091,157
118.3
0.52
16.86
1991
 
42,495,903
119.4
0.96
16.80
1992
 
42,902,625
120.6
0.96
16.73
1993
 
43,274,741
121.6
0.87
16.65
1994
 
43,589,980
122.5
0.73
16.57
1995
 
43,923,694
123.5
0.77
16.50
1996
 
44,239,468
124.3
0.72
16.42
1997
 
44,493,603
125.1
0.57
16.32
1998
 
44,727,877
125.7
0.53
16.21
1999
 
44,969,225
126.4
0.54
16.12
2000
 
45,216,019
127.1
0.55
16.02
2001
 
45,401,564
127.6
0.41
15.93
2002
 
45,550,284
128.0
0.33
15.84
2003
 
45,707,787
128.5
0.35
15.76
2004
 
45,844,372
128.9
0.30
15.66
2005
 
45,949,142
129.2
0.23
15.55
2006
 
46,071,573
129.5
0.27
15.44
2007
 
46,187,992
129.8
0.25
15.33
2008
 
46,275,120
130.1
0.19
15.22
2009
 
46,355,854
130.3
0.17
15.11
2010
 
46,440,178
130.5
0.18
15.01
2011
 
46,510,478
130.7
0.15
14.92
2012
 
46,578,534
130.9
0.15
14.83
2013
 
46,676,489
131.2
0.21
14.75
2014
 
46,752,805
131.4
0.16
14.66
2015
 
46,787,011
131.5
0.07
14.56
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2016
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PSN
 
   
   
 
United States:
Population, 1958-2015
 
1958
 
174,153,000
100.0
N
1959
 
177,136,000
101.7
1.71
1960
 
179,972,000
103.3
1.60
1961
 
182,976,000
105.1
1.67
1962
 
185,739,000
106.7
1.51
1963
 
188,434,000
108.2
1.45
1964
 
191,085,000
109.7
1.41
1965
 
193,460,000
111.1
1.24
1966
 
195,499,000
112.3
1.05
1967
 
197,375,000
113.3
0.96
1968
 
199,312,000
114.4
0.98
1969
 
201,298,000
115.6
1.00
1970
 
203,798,722
117.0
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
118.8
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
120.2
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
121.4
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
122.5
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
123.7
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
124.9
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
126.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
127.5
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
128.9
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
130.5
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
131.8
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
133.0
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
134.2
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
135.4
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
136.6
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
137.9
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
139.1
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
140.4
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
141.7
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
143.3
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
145.3
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
147.3
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
149.2
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
151.1
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
152.9
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
154.7
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
156.6
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
158.4
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
160.2
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
162.0
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
163.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
165.2
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
166.6
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
168.1
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
169.7
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
171.3
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
173.0
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
174.6
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
176.2
0.88
2010
 
309,346,863
177.6
0.84
2011
 
311,718,857
179.0
0.77
2012
 
314,102,623
180.4
0.76
2013
 
316,427,395
181.7
0.74
2014
 
318,907,401
183.1
0.78
2015
 
321,418,820
184.6
0.79
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2016
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2016. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

Please stay tuned...
while your request is processing:

Please wait while your request is being processed...
To offer the most comprehensive set of interactive options in support of your research, US-REAP calculates and crunches most of the data and generates the narrative and graphic analysis on demand in response to your request.
Your request will soon be available.
Just a few more seconds....Your request has been generated and is now loading the results.