Rocky Mountain vs. United States
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1958-2019
Introduction
Rocky Mountain:
2019 Population = 12,399,296
2019 Percent of U.S. = 3.8%
U.S.:
2019 Population = 328,239,523
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Rocky Mountain with comparisons to the nation at large. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1958-2019
Population, 1958-2019
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Rocky Mountain's annual population for the period 1958-2019 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 62-year period, Rocky Mountain's population rose from 4,139,000 in 1958 to 12,399,296 in 2019, for a net gain of 8,260,296, or 199.6%.
NOTE: The state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2019
Population Indices (1958=100): 1958-2019
Figure 2.
Figure 2 shows Rocky Mountain's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1958 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1958 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Rocky Mountain's overall population growth was 199.6% over 1958-2019 outpaced the United States' increase of 88.5%.
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2019
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1958-2019
Figure 3.
Another interesting and insightful way of comparing the population growth of Rocky Mountain is to trace its individual percentage contributions to the United States' total population over time, as shown in Figure 3. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than the United States' population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1958, Rocky Mountain's population totaled 2.4% of the United States' population, while in 2019 it equated to 3.8% thereby yielding a +1.4% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2019 vs. 1958
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2019
vs.
1958
+1.40%
=
3.78%
-
2.38%
 
   
Rocky Mountain Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2019
Rocky Mountain Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1959-2019
Figure 4.
Figure 4 highlights the short-run pattern of Rocky Mountain's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1959-2019. The average annual percent change for the entire 61-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Rocky Mountain's population grew at an annual rate of 1.82% over 1959-2019. Rocky Mountain posted its highest growth in 1961 (3.38%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1988 (-0.04%). In 2019, Rocky Mountain's population grew by 1.35%
Rocky Mountain Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2019
Rocky Mountain Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1959-2019
Figure 5.
Over the past six decades some BEA regions have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again depicts the annual percent change in Rocky Mountain's population since 1959, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2019.
During the 1960s, Rocky Mountain's annual population growth rate averaged 1.58%. It averaged 2.68% during the 1970s, 1.18% throughout the 1980s, 2.32% during the 1990s, 1.73% during the 2000s, and 1.40% thus far this decade (2010 to 2019).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for Rocky Mountain noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for the nation.
Relative to nationwide population growth trends, Rocky Mountain surpassed the nation in the 1960s (1.58% vs. 1.29%), led the nation in the 1970s (2.68% vs. 1.10%), outgained the nation in the 1980s (1.18% vs. 0.95%), registered above the nation over the 1990s (2.32% vs. 1.23%), registered above the nation over the 2000s (1.73% vs. 0.95%), and outperformed the nation over 2010-2019 (1.40% vs. 0.68%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
1.82
1.58
2.68
1.18
2.32
1.73
1.40
1.35
 
1.04
1.29
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.68
0.48
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Rocky Mountain:
Population, 1958-2019
 
1958
 
4,139,000
100.0
N
2.38
1959
 
4,226,000
102.1
2.10
2.39
1960
 
4,350,000
105.1
2.93
2.42
1961
 
4,497,000
108.6
3.38
2.46
1962
 
4,580,000
110.7
1.85
2.47
1963
 
4,632,000
111.9
1.14
2.46
1964
 
4,673,000
112.9
0.89
2.45
1965
 
4,703,000
113.6
0.64
2.43
1966
 
4,735,000
114.4
0.68
2.42
1967
 
4,783,000
115.6
1.01
2.42
1968
 
4,868,000
117.6
1.78
2.44
1969
 
4,943,000
119.4
1.54
2.46
1970
 
5,037,873
121.7
1.92
2.47
1971
 
5,194,044
125.5
3.10
2.51
1972
 
5,368,407
129.7
3.36
2.57
1973
 
5,527,390
133.5
2.96
2.62
1974
 
5,649,835
136.5
2.22
2.65
1975
 
5,781,745
139.7
2.33
2.68
1976
 
5,915,555
142.9
2.31
2.72
1977
 
6,078,758
146.9
2.76
2.77
1978
 
6,256,862
151.2
2.93
2.82
1979
 
6,438,928
155.6
2.91
2.87
1980
 
6,592,318
159.3
2.38
2.90
1981
 
6,742,612
162.9
2.28
2.94
1982
 
6,903,979
166.8
2.39
2.98
1983
 
7,034,816
170.0
1.90
3.01
1984
 
7,108,977
171.8
1.05
3.01
1985
 
7,167,704
173.2
0.83
3.01
1986
 
7,199,874
174.0
0.45
3.00
1987
 
7,205,624
174.1
0.08
2.97
1988
 
7,202,616
174.0
-0.04
2.95
1989
 
7,234,109
174.8
0.44
2.93
1990
 
7,305,119
176.5
0.98
2.93
1991
 
7,477,155
180.7
2.36
2.96
1992
 
7,696,444
185.9
2.93
3.00
1993
 
7,938,748
191.8
3.15
3.05
1994
 
8,171,343
197.4
2.93
3.11
1995
 
8,379,865
202.5
2.55
3.15
1996
 
8,565,452
206.9
2.21
3.18
1997
 
8,745,913
211.3
2.11
3.21
1998
 
8,918,147
215.5
1.97
3.23
1999
 
9,094,461
219.7
1.98
3.26
2000
 
9,268,926
223.9
1.92
3.28
2001
 
9,430,982
227.9
1.75
3.31
2002
 
9,567,277
231.1
1.45
3.33
2003
 
9,675,332
233.8
1.13
3.34
2004
 
9,807,510
237.0
1.37
3.35
2005
 
9,972,107
240.9
1.68
3.37
2006
 
10,189,958
246.2
2.18
3.42
2007
 
10,406,301
251.4
2.12
3.45
2008
 
10,609,537
256.3
1.95
3.49
2009
 
10,793,888
260.8
1.74
3.52
2010
 
10,948,611
264.5
1.43
3.54
2011
 
11,084,017
267.8
1.24
3.56
2012
 
11,221,434
271.1
1.24
3.58
2013
 
11,373,572
274.8
1.36
3.60
2014
 
11,522,492
278.4
1.31
3.62
2015
 
11,699,605
282.7
1.54
3.65
2016
 
11,888,537
287.2
1.61
3.68
2017
 
12,062,055
291.4
1.46
3.71
2018
 
12,233,639
295.6
1.42
3.74
2019
 
12,399,296
299.6
1.35
3.78
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
March 2020
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1958-2019
 
1958
 
174,153,000
100.0
N
1959
 
177,136,000
101.7
1.71
1960
 
179,972,000
103.3
1.60
1961
 
182,976,000
105.1
1.67
1962
 
185,739,000
106.7
1.51
1963
 
188,434,000
108.2
1.45
1964
 
191,085,000
109.7
1.41
1965
 
193,460,000
111.1
1.24
1966
 
195,499,000
112.3
1.05
1967
 
197,375,000
113.3
0.96
1968
 
199,312,000
114.4
0.98
1969
 
201,298,000
115.6
1.00
1970
 
203,798,722
117.0
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
118.8
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
120.2
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
121.4
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
122.5
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
123.7
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
124.9
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
126.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
127.5
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
128.9
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
130.5
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
131.8
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
133.0
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
134.2
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
135.4
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
136.6
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
137.9
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
139.1
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
140.4
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
141.7
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
143.3
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
145.3
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
147.3
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
149.2
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
151.1
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
152.9
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
154.7
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
156.6
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
158.4
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
160.2
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
162.0
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
163.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
165.2
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
166.6
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
168.1
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
169.7
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
171.3
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
173.0
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
174.6
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
176.2
0.88
2010
 
309,321,666
177.6
0.83
2011
 
311,556,874
178.9
0.72
2012
 
313,830,990
180.2
0.73
2013
 
315,993,715
181.4
0.69
2014
 
318,301,008
182.8
0.73
2015
 
320,635,163
184.1
0.73
2016
 
322,941,311
185.4
0.72
2017
 
324,985,539
186.6
0.63
2018
 
326,687,501
187.6
0.52
2019
 
328,239,523
188.5
0.48
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
March 2020
REAP_PI_SA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2020. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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