Real Estate and Rental and Leasing vs. Manufacturing
Average Earnings Per Job Structure and Growth by State
United States, 1998-2022
Average Earnings Per Job by State
Percent of Overall State Average, 2022
Select a Year/Indicator:Percent of Overall
State Average
Location
Quotients
Percent of U.S.
Counterpart
Percent of National
Counterpart
Average Earnings Per Job by State
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing vs. Manufacturing
United States Average Earnings Per Job Distribution by State:
Percent of Overall State Average, 2022
More
than
80%
80%
to
70%
70%
to
60%
60%
to
50%
50%
to
40%
40%
to
30%
30%
to
20%
20%
or
Below
Total
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
2
7
8
11
3
12
4
4
51
Manufacturing
49
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
51
 
   
Select an alternate year:
   
 
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing vs. Manufacturing
Average Earnings Per Job Structure by State:
United States, 2022
 
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
 
Manufacturing
 
 
 
10,993
19.0
33.4
 
84,221
145.3
85.3
 
53,803
71.3
163.5
 
78,566
104.1
79.5
 
47,993
72.0
145.8
 
104,478
156.7
105.8
 
19,792
35.6
60.1
 
71,303
128.4
72.2
 
48,900
57.1
148.6
 
136,950
159.8
138.6
 
51,646
68.8
156.9
 
100,515
133.8
101.8
 
10,378
12.9
31.5
 
118,808
148.2
120.3
 
146,011
206.7
443.7
 
84,405
119.5
85.4
 
35,651
27.6
108.3
 
S
S
S
 
18,795
31.7
57.1
 
90,333
152.3
91.4
 
33,956
53.7
103.2
 
84,427
133.6
85.5
 
49,908
73.4
151.7
 
60,790
89.4
61.5
 
31,040
52.4
94.3
 
84,927
143.2
86.0
 
20,978
28.0
63.8
 
107,830
143.9
109.2
 
103,279
153.9
313.8
 
93,638
139.6
94.8
 
21,742
34.0
66.1
 
97,587
152.6
98.8
 
49,111
78.4
149.2
 
87,261
139.3
88.3
 
33,514
56.4
101.8
 
86,753
146.1
87.8
 
35,260
60.7
107.1
 
105,900
182.4
107.2
 
35,555
57.6
108.0
 
81,964
132.8
83.0
 
27,534
37.2
83.7
 
106,046
143.2
107.3
 
32,446
36.5
98.6
 
122,357
137.5
123.9
 
49,791
75.5
151.3
 
93,180
141.2
94.3
 
28,627
39.1
87.0
 
99,273
135.8
100.5
 
26,015
52.0
79.1
 
73,637
147.3
74.5
 
19,714
31.5
59.9
 
87,925
140.6
89.0
 
39,844
69.9
121.1
 
70,661
124.0
71.5
 
12,747
19.4
38.7
 
99,488
151.7
100.7
 
38,283
60.0
116.3
 
88,381
138.5
89.5
 
43,187
56.9
131.2
 
100,416
132.3
101.7
 
15,161
19.4
46.1
 
120,892
154.9
122.4
 
42,274
70.5
128.5
 
72,900
121.6
73.8
 
19,446
21.6
59.1
 
96,528
107.1
97.7
 
42,604
64.7
129.5
 
84,228
127.9
85.3
 
41,036
58.8
124.7
 
89,550
128.3
90.7
 
13,679
21.2
41.6
 
89,083
138.1
90.2
 
26,643
42.9
81.0
 
85,725
138.1
86.8
 
52,176
72.9
158.6
 
101,782
142.2
103.0
 
27,965
39.7
85.0
 
91,826
130.2
93.0
 
39,961
58.3
121.4
 
84,551
123.3
85.6
 
27,002
46.8
82.1
 
84,149
145.8
85.2
 
40,642
62.7
123.5
 
86,380
133.2
87.4
 
35,363
52.5
107.5
 
87,673
130.1
88.8
 
27,402
39.9
83.3
 
106,884
155.8
108.2
 
24,798
39.7
75.4
 
83,708
134.1
84.7
 
30,628
50.4
93.1
 
77,577
127.7
78.5
 
26,595
36.2
80.8
 
85,941
117.1
87.0
 
54,126
62.0
164.5
 
106,422
122.0
107.7
 
38,324
66.7
116.5
 
82,380
143.4
83.4
 
32,206
49.5
97.9
 
83,935
129.1
85.0
 
21,187
37.2
64.4
 
S
S
S
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
32,907
46.0
100.0
 
98,786
138.0
100.0
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
April 2024
REAP_PI_SA1700N_511100_510500_SA
 
   
Average Earnings Per Job by
BEA Regions
Percent of Overall BEA Region Average, 2022
Select a Year/Indicator:Percent of Overall
State Average
Location
Quotients
Percent of U.S.
Counterpart
Percent of National
Counterpart
Average Earnings Per Job by
BEA Regions
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing vs. Manufacturing
United States Average Earnings Per Job Distribution by BEA Region:
Percent of Overall BEA Region Average, 2022
More
than
65%
65%
to
60%
60%
to
55%
55%
to
50%
50%
to
45%
45%
to
40%
40%
to
35%
35%
or
Below
Total
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
0
0
3
0
1
2
1
1
8
Manufacturing
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
8
 
   
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by State
Growth Rates, 2022
Select a Year/Indicator:Growth RatesComponent Contributions
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by State
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing vs. Manufacturing
United States Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth Distribution by State:
Growth Rates, 2022
More
than
300%
300%
to
200%
200%
to
100%
100%
to
0%
0%
to
-100%
-100%
to
-200%
-200%
to
-300%
-300%
or
Below
Total
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
0
0
0
9
42
0
0
0
51
Manufacturing
0
0
0
12
36
0
0
3
51
 
   
Select an alternate year:
   
 
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing vs. Manufacturing
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by State:
United States, 2022
 
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
 
Manufacturing
 
 
 
-20.5
-7.1
 
1.0
3.4
 
-12.8
0.6
 
4.2
6.7
 
38.6
52.0
 
-4.8
-2.4
 
-32.1
-18.7
 
-2.1
0.4
 
-21.4
-8.0
 
-6.1
-3.6
 
3.9
17.3
 
-2.7
-0.2
 
-58.4
-45.0
 
-3.6
-1.2
 
28.8
42.2
 
2.9
5.4
 
-27.5
-14.1
 
N
N
 
9.7
23.1
 
0.0
2.4
 
0.6
14.0
 
-3.6
-1.1
 
-13.1
0.3
 
N
N
 
-15.3
-2.0
 
-3.7
-1.2
 
-60.6
-47.2
 
-0.4
2.1
 
-16.6
-3.2
 
-1.0
1.4
 
-1.2
12.2
 
5.7
8.2
 
4.7
18.1
 
-3.0
-0.5
 
-11.1
2.3
 
0.2
2.7
 
-12.8
0.6
 
-2.6
-0.1
 
-7.4
6.0
 
-1.7
0.8
 
-25.6
-12.2
 
-3.3
-0.9
 
-23.9
-10.5
 
-3.0
-0.6
 
-5.6
7.8
 
-2.3
0.2
 
-3.1
10.3
 
-1.3
1.1
 
-9.7
3.6
 
-2.8
-0.4
 
15.3
28.7
 
0.1
2.6
 
-7.3
6.1
 
0.2
2.7
 
-4.6
8.8
 
8.9
11.4
 
33.7
47.1
 
-3.2
-0.8
 
-12.1
1.3
 
-3.4
-0.9
 
-41.8
-28.4
 
-3.6
-1.2
 
-8.2
5.2
 
-0.1
2.4
 
-32.7
-19.3
 
-2.7
-0.2
 
23.4
36.8
 
-3.0
-0.5
 
-13.9
-0.5
 
0.2
2.7
 
-15.7
-2.3
 
-2.5
-0.1
 
-4.8
8.6
 
2.0
4.4
 
-12.5
0.9
 
0.2
2.6
 
-13.7
-0.3
 
-2.9
-0.4
 
-9.0
4.4
 
-4.6
-2.2
 
-6.8
6.6
 
-1.9
0.6
 
-4.6
8.8
 
5.4
7.8
 
-6.5
6.9
 
-0.7
1.7
 
-8.1
5.3
 
-3.2
-0.7
 
-14.3
-0.9
 
-2.8
-0.4
 
-13.3
0.0
 
-1.5
0.9
 
-2.4
11.0
 
-1.7
0.8
 
-9.6
3.8
 
-0.8
1.7
 
-7.7
5.7
 
-4.7
-2.2
 
-5.6
7.8
 
-3.8
-1.3
 
-17.5
-4.1
 
N
N
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
-13.4
0.0
 
-2.5
0.0
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
April 2024
REAP_PI_SA1700N_511100_510500_GA
 
   
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by
BEA Regions
Growth Rates, 2022
Select a Year/Indicator:Growth RatesComponent Contributions
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth by
BEA Regions
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing vs. Manufacturing
United States Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth Distribution by BEA Region:
Growth Rates, 2022
More
than
300%
300%
to
200%
200%
to
100%
100%
to
0%
0%
to
-100%
-100%
to
-200%
-200%
to
-300%
-300%
or
Below
Total
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
0
0
0
3
5
0
0
0
8
Manufacturing
0
0
0
1
4
0
0
3
8
 
   
Additional Notes on Interpreting
Average Earnings Per Job for United States
Average Earnings Per Job
Average Earnings Per Job are computed by dividing BEA industry earnings estimate by BEA total full- and part-time jobs estimates. No convenient or adequate means exist at the county or regional level for converting the job estimates to a full-time equivalent measure. So, interpret the average earnings per job estimates with caution in consideration of the following issues:
  • Average earnings per job within industries involving more part-time work is lower than industries involving more full-time work, although there could be little difference in the underlying wage of full-time workers. Such differences could also prevail between counties and regions. An increase in the proportion of part-time jobs over time may erode average earnings per job estimates, although full-time earnings per worker may have remained unchanged.
  • As with per capita income, average earnings per job may be subject to extreme short-run variation, especially in smaller counties. Unusual conditions such as droughts, hurricanes and bumper crops give rise to wide variations in average earnings per job. Also, major construction projects relating to building dams, nuclear power plants, and private plant construction projects have caused extreme fluctuations in many smaller states. Such changes typify both small and large agriculture-dependent states owing to the extreme annual variations in farm incomes.
  • Since average earnings per job are just a simple average, it does not account for variations in the distribution of earnings among high- vs. low-wage jobs.
  • The earnings by major industry estimates compiled by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are by place-of-work are the sum of wage and salary dibursements (payrolls), supplements to wages and salaries, and proprietors' income. The earnings by industry data are in expressed in thousands of current dollars ($1,000s). Unlike wage and salary disbursement, it should be noted that proprietors' income may be reported as negative for those years in which the net income of sole proprietors and partnerships are in the red for a particular sector. This is not an especially unusual occurrence in some relatively small economies where farm proprietorships are dominant. However, this may yield some somewhat unconventional results, such as an industry recording a negative share of total earnings or a location quotient that is negative.
Copyright © 2024. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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