State Government vs. Utilities
Employment Structure and Growth by State
United States, 1998-2018
Employment by State
Percent of Total Employment, 2018
Select a Year/Indicator:Percent of Total
Employment
Location
Quotients
Percent of Sector Total
Nationwide
Employment by State
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
State Government vs. Utilities
United States Employment Distribution by State:
Percent of Total Employment, 2018
More
than
5.0%
5.0%
to
4.5%
4.5%
to
4.0%
4.0%
to
3.5%
3.5%
to
3.0%
3.0%
to
2.5%
2.5%
to
2.0%
2.0%
or
Below
Total
State Government
5
1
2
8
13
11
6
5
51
Utilities
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
51
51
 
   
Select an alternate year:
   
 
State Government vs. Utilities
Employment Structure by State:
United States, 2018
 
State Government
 
Utilities
 
 
 
106,914
4.0
1.5
 
14,176
0.5
1.8
 
23,581
5.1
1.9
 
2,312
0.5
1.7
 
93,895
2.4
0.9
 
12,754
0.3
1.1
 
81,870
4.9
1.8
 
8,065
0.5
1.7
 
544,584
2.2
0.8
 
59,976
0.2
0.8
 
123,482
3.2
1.2
 
8,795
0.2
0.8
 
74,117
3.2
1.2
 
5,717
0.2
0.8
 
32,230
5.4
2.0
 
2,210
0.4
1.3
 
0
0.0
0.0
 
2,171
0.2
0.8
 
257,528
2.1
0.8
 
25,656
0.2
0.7
 
178,934
2.9
1.1
 
20,235
0.3
1.1
 
73,485
7.9
2.9
 
4,166
0.4
1.5
 
31,917
3.1
1.1
 
3,237
0.3
1.1
 
150,901
1.9
0.7
 
25,567
0.3
1.1
 
119,633
3.0
1.1
 
14,373
0.4
1.2
 
67,729
3.2
1.2
 
6,725
0.3
1.1
 
57,837
3.0
1.1
 
6,622
0.3
1.2
 
95,586
3.7
1.4
 
7,187
0.3
1.0
 
79,064
2.9
1.1
 
9,087
0.3
1.1
 
26,192
3.1
1.1
 
1,794
0.2
0.7
 
100,470
2.7
1.0
 
10,628
0.3
1.0
 
125,122
2.6
1.0
 
12,363
0.3
0.9
 
185,586
3.2
1.2
 
20,869
0.4
1.2
 
95,872
2.5
0.9
 
12,828
0.3
1.2
 
64,987
4.0
1.5
 
8,246
0.5
1.7
 
102,402
2.7
1.0
 
12,236
0.3
1.1
 
26,414
3.9
1.4
 
2,958
0.4
1.5
 
34,011
2.5
0.9
 
1,256
0.1
0.3
 
35,328
1.9
0.7
 
4,391
0.2
0.8
 
24,891
2.8
1.0
 
2,256
0.3
0.9
 
139,740
2.5
0.9
 
16,569
0.3
1.0
 
57,079
5.1
1.9
 
4,576
0.4
1.4
 
244,140
1.9
0.7
 
40,515
0.3
1.1
 
213,351
3.5
1.3
 
15,641
0.3
0.9
 
23,779
4.1
1.5
 
3,767
0.6
2.2
 
177,879
2.5
0.9
 
20,075
0.3
1.0
 
79,665
3.4
1.3
 
11,082
0.5
1.6
 
47,843
1.9
0.7
 
5,113
0.2
0.7
 
189,253
2.4
0.9
 
25,195
0.3
1.1
 
21,964
3.4
1.3
 
1,546
0.2
0.8
 
100,318
3.5
1.3
 
12,506
0.4
1.5
 
19,010
3.1
1.2
 
2,081
0.3
1.2
 
96,869
2.4
0.9
 
4,045
0.1
0.3
 
376,571
2.1
0.8
 
57,045
0.3
1.1
 
78,732
3.8
1.4
 
4,988
0.2
0.8
 
16,809
3.8
1.4
 
1,449
0.3
1.1
 
166,587
3.1
1.2
 
11,410
0.2
0.7
 
150,408
3.3
1.2
 
5,595
0.1
0.4
 
50,733
5.6
2.1
 
5,486
0.6
2.1
 
114,461
3.1
1.1
 
9,535
0.3
0.9
 
15,247
3.8
1.4
 
2,625
0.6
2.2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5,395,000
2.7
1.0
 
589,700
0.3
1.0
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_SA1500N_520310_510300_SA
 
   
Employment by
Census Regions
Percent of Total Employment, 2018
Select a Year/Indicator:Percent of Total
Employment
Location
Quotients
Percent of Sector Total
Nationwide
Employment by
Census Regions
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
State Government vs. Utilities
United States Employment Distribution by Census Region:
Percent of Total Employment, 2018
More
than
5.0%
5.0%
to
4.5%
4.5%
to
4.0%
4.0%
to
3.5%
3.5%
to
3.0%
3.0%
to
2.5%
2.5%
to
2.0%
2.0%
or
Below
Total
State Government
0
0
0
0
0
3
1
0
4
Utilities
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
4
 
   
Employment Growth by State
Growth Rates, 2018
Select a Year/Indicator:Growth RatesComponent Contributions
Employment Growth by State
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
State Government vs. Utilities
United States Employment Growth Distribution by State:
Growth Rates, 2018
More
than
1.25%
1.25%
to
1.00%
1.00%
to
0.75%
0.75%
to
0.50%
0.50%
to
0.25%
0.25%
to
0.00%
0.00%
to
-0.25%
-0.25%
or
Below
Total
State Government
4
4
2
6
6
1
6
22
51
Utilities
8
3
1
3
5
3
1
27
51
 
   
Select an alternate year:
   
 
State Government vs. Utilities
Employment Growth by State:
United States, 2018
 
State Government
 
Utilities
 
 
 
0.4
0.0
0.2
 
0.3
0.0
0.4
 
-0.5
0.0
-0.7
 
3.4
0.0
3.5
 
1.1
0.0
0.9
 
-1.1
0.0
-0.9
 
-0.6
0.0
-0.8
 
1.0
0.0
1.2
 
1.1
0.0
0.9
 
-3.0
0.0
-2.9
 
2.0
0.1
1.8
 
-0.7
0.0
-0.5
 
-0.6
0.0
-0.8
 
-2.9
0.0
-2.7
 
-0.2
0.0
-0.4
 
-3.2
0.0
-3.0
 
0.0
0.0
-0.2
 
0.4
0.0
0.6
 
-0.3
0.0
-0.5
 
0.8
0.0
1.0
 
0.6
0.0
0.4
 
-2.5
0.0
-2.3
 
-0.8
-0.1
-1.1
 
0.1
0.0
0.3
 
0.4
0.0
0.1
 
0.7
0.0
0.8
 
0.6
0.0
0.3
 
0.3
0.0
0.5
 
0.4
0.0
0.1
 
1.1
0.0
1.3
 
-0.4
0.0
-0.7
 
-0.6
0.0
-0.4
 
0.3
0.0
0.1
 
-3.2
0.0
-3.0
 
-1.7
-0.1
-1.9
 
0.7
0.0
0.9
 
0.3
0.0
0.0
 
2.1
0.0
2.3
 
-0.6
0.0
-0.8
 
-2.4
0.0
-2.2
 
2.0
0.1
1.8
 
-0.5
0.0
-0.3
 
-0.2
0.0
-0.4
 
-3.3
0.0
-3.1
 
0.7
0.0
0.4
 
0.4
0.0
0.6
 
1.2
0.0
1.0
 
-0.7
0.0
-0.5
 
-0.9
0.0
-1.1
 
-2.1
0.0
-1.9
 
-1.5
0.0
-1.7
 
0.2
0.0
0.4
 
-2.6
-0.1
-2.8
 
-1.7
0.0
-1.5
 
-0.4
0.0
-0.6
 
-2.1
0.0
-1.9
 
-2.4
0.0
-2.6
 
-0.4
0.0
-0.2
 
-0.8
0.0
-1.1
 
-2.8
0.0
-2.7
 
-0.2
0.0
-0.5
 
6.9
0.0
7.1
 
-0.6
0.0
-0.9
 
-1.0
0.0
-0.8
 
0.3
0.0
0.1
 
-1.0
0.0
-0.8
 
0.9
0.0
0.6
 
3.8
0.0
4.0
 
-1.5
-0.1
-1.7
 
-3.0
0.0
-2.8
 
-0.1
0.0
-0.3
 
-0.1
0.0
0.1
 
-1.5
-0.1
-1.8
 
0.1
0.0
0.3
 
0.6
0.0
0.4
 
2.5
0.0
2.7
 
-1.3
0.0
-1.6
 
-0.3
0.0
-0.1
 
1.4
0.0
1.1
 
2.4
0.0
2.6
 
0.7
0.0
0.4
 
-2.7
0.0
-2.6
 
0.2
0.0
0.0
 
-0.9
0.0
-0.7
 
1.0
0.0
0.8
 
-1.2
0.0
-1.0
 
0.8
0.0
0.5
 
2.2
0.0
2.4
 
2.1
0.1
1.8
 
-0.6
0.0
-0.5
 
-0.6
0.0
-0.9
 
-1.7
0.0
-1.5
 
0.5
0.0
0.3
 
0.5
0.0
0.7
 
-0.1
0.0
-0.3
 
5.3
0.0
5.5
 
-0.9
-0.1
-1.2
 
0.5
0.0
0.7
 
-0.4
0.0
-0.7
 
-3.6
0.0
-3.4
 
-1.4
-0.1
-1.6
 
1.2
0.0
1.4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.2
0.0
0.0
 
-0.2
0.0
0.0
Source: Calculations by the United States Regional Economic Analysis Project (US-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_SA1500N_520310_510300_GA
 
   
Employment Growth by
Census Regions
Growth Rates, 2018
Select a Year/Indicator:Growth RatesComponent Contributions
Employment Growth by
Census Regions
View Distribution Totals as:Actual Percent
   
 
State Government vs. Utilities
United States Employment Growth Distribution by Census Region:
Growth Rates, 2018
More
than
1.25%
1.25%
to
1.00%
1.00%
to
0.75%
0.75%
to
0.50%
0.50%
to
0.25%
0.25%
to
0.00%
0.00%
to
-0.25%
-0.25%
or
Below
Total
State Government
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
4
Utilities
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
2
4
 
   
Additional Notes on Interpreting
Employment for United States
Employment
The employment estimates compiled by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) measure the number of full- and part-time employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a number-of-people employed count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Therefore, the jobs held by residents living outside the United States but who commute to work in the United States are included in the employment (or job) count for the United States.
Other/Suppressed Industries
For some areas, an industry category labeled "Other/Suppressed Industries" may appear in the table. It is not uncommon, especially for smaller areas, to encounter suppressed data for selected industries. Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information regarding individual firms. Even though the concern for confidentiality may relate to only one industry, data for at least two must be suppressed as summing over the reported data and subtracting from the total yields data for the suppressed category. When suppressed data is encountered, it is reported in the "Other/Suppressed Industries" category.
Location Quotient
Location quotients help gauge the extent to which various industries are more or less concentrated locally when compared with the nation at large. If an industry's share of total employment is the same as the national share, then its location quotient is equal to one. If an industry is concentrated in a region, its local employment share will be larger than the share nationally, and its location quotient will correspondingly be greater than one. Conversely, the location quotient for an industry not concentrated in the region will fall between zero and one.
Component Contribution
The component contribution isolates and records each industry's individual contribution to the total growth of employment in the United States over 2018, and 1999-2018, respectively. When summed over all industries the component contribution will match the United States' TOTAL employment growth rate.
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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